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BS EN 364 (1993) (en)

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BS EN
364:1993

BRITISH STANDARD

Personal protective
equipment against falls
from a height —
Test methods

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The European Standard EN 364:1992 has the status of a
British Standard

UDC 614.895.1:62-783.4:620.17:614.8

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BS EN 364:1993

Cooperating organizations
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN), under whose supervision
this European Standard was prepared, comprises the national standards
organizations of the following countries.
Austria
Belgium
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom

This British Standard, having
been prepared under the
direction of the Personal Safety
Equipment Standards Policy
Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Board and comes
into effect on
15 February 1993
© BSI 01-1999
The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference PSM/5
Draft for comment 90/42478 DC

Oesterreichisches Normungsinstitut
Institut belge de normalisation
Dansk Standardiseringsraad
Suomen Standardisoimisliito, r.y.
Association française de normalisation
Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V.
Hellenic Organization for Standardization
Technological Institute of Iceland
National Standards Authority of Ireland
Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione
Inspection du Travail et des Mines
Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut
Norges Standardiseringsforbund
Instituto Portuguès da Qualidade
Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación
Standardiseringskommissionen i Sverige
Association suisse de normalisation
British Standards Institution

Amendments issued since publication
Amd. No.

Date

Comments

8220

June 1994 Indicated by a sideline in the margin

ISBN 0 580 21305 6
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BS EN 364:1993

Contents
Cooperating organizations
National foreword

Page
Inside front cover
ii

Foreword
1
Scope
2
Normative references
3
Definitions
4
Requirements for test apparatus
5
Test methods

2
3
3
3
3
6

Annex A Recommendations for scheduling of tests

16

Figure 1 — Torso dummy
Figure 2 — Rigid steel mass
Figure 3 — Dust conditioning chamber
Figure 4 — Dynamic performance test of energy absorber
as component
Figure 5 — Dynamic performance test of energy absorber with
a harness
Figure 6 — Dynamic performance test of guided type fall arrester
with a flexible anchorage rope
Figure 7 — Sand bag
Figure 8 — Alternative methods for dynamic performance test
of guided type fall arrester on a rigid anchorage line
Figure 9 — Dynamic performance test of retractable type fall
arrester
Figure 10 — Dynamic performance test of system with harness
connected direct to guided type fall arrester on flexible anchorage rope
Figure 11 — Dynamic strength test for system of work positioning
belt and work positioning lanyard
Figure 12 — Static strength test for work positioning belt as separate
component
Figure 13 — Static strength test for work positioning belt with
integral work positioning lanyard
Figure 14 — Static strength test for work positioning lanyard
National annex NA (informative) Committees
responsible
National annex NB (informative) Cross-references

8
8
9
10
10
11
12
12
13
14
14

Inside back cover
Inside back cover

i

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BS EN 364:1993

National foreword

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This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Personal
Safety Equipment Standards Policy Committee and is the English language
version of EN 364 Personal protective equipment against falls from a height —
Test methods published by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN).
It partially supersedes BS 1397:1979 and BS 5062-1:1985 which are withdrawn.
EN 364 was produced as a result of international discussions in which the United
Kingdom took an active part.
BS 1397:1979, BS 5062-1:1985 and BS 5062-2:1985 are superseded by the
following BS EN standards.
BS 1397:1979 is superseded by
BS EN 354
BS EN 355
BS EN 358
BS EN 359
BS EN 361
BS EN 362
BS EN 363
BS EN 364
BS EN 365
BS 5062-1:1985 is superseded by
BS EN 353-1
BS EN 353-2
BS EN 355
BS EN 360
BS EN 362
BS EN 363
BS EN 364
BS EN 365
BS 5062-2:1985 is superseded by BS EN 365.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
the EN title page, pages 2 to 16, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.
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EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 364

NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 1992

EUROPÄISCHE NORM
UDC 614.895.1:62-783.4:620.17:614.8

Descriptors: Personal protective equipment, accident prevention, protection against fall, tests, inspection

English version

Personal protective equipment against falls
from a height — Test methods

Persönliche Schutzausrüstung gegen
Absturz — Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1992-11-30. CEN members
are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a
national standard without any alteration.
Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any
CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French,
German). A version in any other language made by translation under the
responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the
Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

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Equipement de protection individuelle contre
les chutes de hauteur — Méthodes d’essai

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation
Europäisches Komitee für Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels
© 1992 Copyright reserved to CEN members

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EN 364:1992

Foreword
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This European Standard was prepared by the
Technical Committee CEN/TC 160 “Protection
against falls from a height including working belts”
of which the secretariat is held by DIN.
This European Standard has been prepared under a
mandate given to CEN by the Commission of the
European Communities and the European Free
Trade Association, and supports essential
requirements of the EC Directive(s).
This European Standard shall be given the status of
a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by
June 1993, and conflicting national standards shall
be withdrawn at the latest by June 1993
The standard was approved and in accordance with
the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the
following countries are bound to implement this
European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

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EN 364:1992

1 Scope

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This standard specifies test methods for materials,
components and systems associated with equipment
for protection against falls, as follows:
a) static testing apparatus and static test
methods;
b) dynamic testing apparatus, including a torso
dummy;
c) test methods for dynamic performance and
dynamic strength testing of components and
systems;
d) corrosion testing of metal components;
e) test apparatus and test methods for
conditioning tests and endurance tests.
The standard also makes recommendations for the
scheduling of tests.

3.2
specified static test force
that stated in the requirements of the specification
for the particular component or system submitted
for test

4 Requirements for test apparatus
4.1 Static testing machines
4.1.1 Force measurement requirements
Force measuring apparatus for static testing of
components and systems shall conform to
EN 10002-2.
The calibration of measuring apparatus should be
traceable to an approved physical properties
laboratory or approved calibration service in
accordance with the accuracy required for the test
(consult EN 45001).

2 Normative references

4.1.2 Requirements for rate of stressing

This European Standard incorporates by dated or
undated reference provisions from other
publications. These normative references are cited
at the appropriate places in the text and the
publications are listed hereafter. For dated
references, subsequent amendments to or revisions
of any of these publications apply to this European
Standard only when incorporated in it by
amendment or revision. For undated references the
latest edition of the publication referred to applies.
EN 354, Personal protective equipment against falls
from a height — Lanyards.
EN 361, Personal protective equipment against falls
from a height — Full body harnesses.
prEN 892-1, Mountaineering equipment — Ropes —
Safety requirements, testing, marking.
EN 10002-1, Metallic materials — Tensile test —
Method of test (at ambient temperature).
EN 10002-2, Verification of the force measuring
system of tensile testing machines.
EN 45001, General criteria for the operation of
testing laboratories.
ISO 9227:1990, Corrosion tests in artificial
atmospheres — Salt spray tests.

4.1.2.1 Metallic materials
The rate of stressing shall conform to EN 10002-1.
4.1.2.2 Textile materials
The crosshead velocity for components in the length
range 1,0 m to 2,0 m shall be within the range
of 50 mm to 150 mm per minute.
Components shorter than 1,0 m shall be tested with
a proportionately lower crosshead velocity.
Components longer than 2,0 m may be tested with a
proportionately higher crosshead velocity.
4.2 Torso dummy
The torso dummy for static and dynamic testing of
relevant components and systems shall conform to
the dimensions and requirements described at
Figure 1. The mass of 100 kg should have a
tolerance of ± 1 kg. The centre of gravity should
be (200 ± 25) mm above the perineum. The
suspension eyes should have an inside diameter
of 40 mm and maximum cross-section diameter
of 16 mm. The surface of the dummy should be
smooth and, if of timber construction, should be
shellacked or varnished.

3 Definitions
For the purposes of this standard, the following
definitions apply.
3.1
force measuring apparatus
apparatus for measuring force including force
transducer and analogue or digital display, or chart
recorder

3

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EN 364:1992

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Figure 1 — Torso dummy

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EN 364:1992

4.3 Test cylinder
The test cylinder required for static testing of work
positioning belts and work positioning restraint
belts shall have a diameter of 350 mm with
tolerance of ± 10 mm. It should be a rigid structure
having a hard and smooth surface.

The 100 kg mass shall have a nominal diameter
of 200 mm. The eyebolt shall be central at one end,
but an offset additional eyebolt position is also
permissible (see Figure 2) to accomodate horizontal
dimensional constraints of relevant testing
procedures and equipment.

4.4 Dynamic testing apparatus
4.4.1 Structure

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The rigid anchorage structure shall be so
constructed that its natural frequency (of vibration)
in the vertical axis at the anchorage point is not less
than 100 Hz and so that the application of a force
of 20 kN on the anchorage point does not cause a
deflection greater than 1,0 mm.
The rigid anchorage point shall be a ring
of (20 ± 1) mm bore and (15 ± 1) mm diameter cross
section, or a rod of same diameter cross section.
The height of the rigid anchorage point shall be such
as to ensure that no part of the component or system
under test, or of the torso dummy or rigid steel
mass, shall strike the floor during the test.
4.4.2 Force measurement apparatus
The force measuring apparatus shall be capable of
measuring forces from 1,2 kN to 20 kN with an
accuracy of ± 2 %, a frequency bandwidth
of 1 000 Hz, and include a low pass filter which has
+0,5 dB
a passband ripple not greater than–1,0
dB and
a – 3 dB frequency bandwidth of 60 Hz. Roll off
should be not less than – 12 dB per octave.
If an intermediate amplifier is used, it shall be
linear and calibrated to within ± 0,1 % over the
operating range.
Where the recorder is of the peak hold type it shall
track and hold to an accuracy of ± 1 % over the
operating range. Where the recorder is of the
force/time history type it should be dynamically or
electronically calibrated to within ± 2 % over the
operating range.
The apparatus shall have a common mode rejection
ratio of not less than 60 dB at power frequencies.
For the purposes of this specification, where the
force measurement apparatus, amplifier and
recorder are in series, an overall error band
of ± 2,5 % is accepted.
4.5 Rigid steel masses
The rigid steel mass, either (100 ± 1) kg
or (150 ± 1) kg, as appropriate, shall be rigidly
connected to an eyebolt which provides secure
connection.

Figure 2 — Rigid steel mass
The 150 kg mass shall have a nominal diameter
of 200 mm. The eyebolt shall be central at one end,
but an offset additional eyebolt position is also
permissible.
4.6 Quick release device
The quick release device shall be compatible with
the eyebolts of the 4.2 torso dummy and 4.5 rigid
steel masses. It shall ensure release of torso dummy
or rigid steel mass with no initial velocity.
4.7 Corrosion test apparatus
The apparatus for testing the corrosion resistance of
metals shall be capable of the NSS (neutral salt
spray) test procedure described in ISO 9227:1990.
4.8 Apparatus for conditioning tests
4.8.1 Heat
The chamber shall be capable of control
at (50 ± 2) °C at a relative humidity of (85 ± 5) %.
4.8.2 Cold
The refrigerated chamber shall be capable of control
at (– 30 ± 2) °C.
4.8.3 Wet
The water spray apparatus shall be capable of
delivering at the rate of approximately 70 l/h. The
water temperature should be in the range 10 °C
to 30 °C.

5

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EN 364:1992

4.8.4 Dust
The chamber should be a box of 1 m cube internally,
see Figure 3, with provision for agitating dust with
blasts of air from a 6 bar supply. The box shall be
provided with a vent and air filter. The chamber
shall have provision for a cord to be passed vertically
through the top of the box for operation of the
mechanism under test.
4.9 Endurance test apparatus
The apparatus shall be capable, under gravitational
acceleration of an appropriate mass, of repeated
operation of sliding type and retractable type fall
arresters.

5 Test methods
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Recomendations for the scheduling of tests are
described at Annex A.
5.1 Full body harnesses
5.1.1 Dynamic performance test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.2 and 4.4.
5.1.2 Dynamic performance test procedure
5.1.2.1 Fit the torso dummy with the harness
equipped with a lanyard made from prEN 892-1
approved single mountaineering rope of 11 mm
diameter and without an energy absorber, so that
the overall length of the lanyard from the harness
tie-in point to the end of the knotted loop where it is
attached to the test rig is 2 m.

5.1.2.2 Suspend the torso dummy by its upper
attachment point and raise this to 2 m above the
fixed anchorage point of the lanyard and
maximum 300 mm horizontally from the centre line.
Hold it with the quick release device.
5.1.2.3 Release the torso dummy without initial
velocity, the feet first free fall being about 4 m before
the lanyard takes up the tension. Observe whether
the harness releases the torso dummy. After the fall
observe the orientation of the torso dummy and
measure the angle between the longitudinal axis of
the dorsal plane of the torso dummy and the
vertical.
5.1.2.4 Using the same rope, though re-adjustment
is permitted, within (15 ± 1) min repeat the test
procedure with the torso dummy suspended from its
lower attachment point to achieve a head first free
fall of about 4 m.
5.1.2.5 Apply the above feet first and head first
procedures to each attachment point designed to be
used as part of a complete fall arrest system and
marked as such (see EN 361).
5.1.2.6 For those attachment points which are not
designed to be used as part of a complete fall arrest
system, the above feet first and head first fall
procedures shall be repeated but the free fall shall
be about 2 m.

Dimensions in millimetres
1 Bore air tube œ 6 mm
2 1 m3 (internal dimension) cube
3 Floor level

Figure 3 — Dust conditioning chamber

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EN 364:1992

5.1.3 Static strength test apparatus

5.3 Energy absorbers

The apparatus shall comply with 4.1 and 4.2.

5.3.1 Static preloading test apparatus

5.1.4 Static strength test procedure

The apparatus shall comply with 4.1.
Alternatively, the 4.4.1 apparatus can be employed
with an auxiliary test mass of 204 kg.

5.1.4.1 Place the harness on the torso dummy.
5.1.4.2 Install the torso dummy and harness in the
test apparatus and apply the specified static test
force between the attachment element of the
harness and the lower ring of the torso dummy.
Maintain the force for a period of 3 min and observe
whether the harness releases the torso dummy.
Repeat the procedure for each attachment element
of the harness.
5.1.4.3 Repeat the procedure using the upper ring of
the torso dummy and at the relevant specified static
test force.
NOTE Although this is a strength test, it. also permits the
study of behaviour and movement of the various components and
some effects on the physical safety of the user.

5.3.2 Static preloading test procedure
Install the lanyard in the test machine and submit
it to the specified static preloading test force
between its two end points (supplied terminations).
Maintain the force for a period of 3 min and observe
whether permanent extension occurs.
Alternatively, install the lanyard in the test frame
and suspend the auxiliary test mass for 3 min from
the lower end of the lanyard. Observe whether
permanent extension occurs.
5.3.3 Dynamic performance test apparatus

5.2.1 Static strength test apparatus

5.3.4 Dynamic performance test procedure

The apparatus shall comply with 4.1.

5.3.4.1 Energy absorber as a component

5.2.2 Static strength test procedure

5.3.4.1.1 Attach, by connector, to one end of the
energy absorber the 100 kg mass and to the other
end a length of chain (complying with lanyard
specification EN 354) such that the overall length of
the connecting system is (2,0 + 0,25) m.
5.3.4.1.2 Suspend the assembled connecting system
from the rigid structural anchorage point
incorporating the force measuring instrument and
raise the mass by 4 m at a maximum of 300 mm
horizontally from the structural anchorage. Hold it
by the quick release device.
5.3.4.1.3 Let the mass fall and measure the peak
force during the arrest stage. After the fall and with
the mass at rest, measure the displacement H of the
point of attachment of the mass to the energy
absorber (see Figure 4).

Install the lanyard in the test machine and submit
it to the specified static test force between its two
end points (supplied terminations). Maintain the
force for a period of 3 min and observe that the
lanyard does not fracture.
NOTE If a textile lanyard is supplied for test with metallic
connecters as terminations, the metallic connecters may be
replaced by stronger connecters or may be clamped laterally by
the jaws of the testing apparatus.

5.2.3 Dynamic strength test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.4.1, 4.5 and 4.6.
5.2.4 Dynamic strength test for lanyards
incorporating length adjustment device
Attach a connector to the end point of the lanyard.
Adjust the length adjustment device until the
length between end points is (2,0 + 0,25) m or, if the
overall length is less than 2,0 m, to the full length of
the lanyard.
Attach the 100 kg mass to the adjustment device
connector and attach the other end to the rigid
structural anchorage point.
Raise the mass (4,0 ± 0,1) m or, if the lanyard is less
than 2,0 m, as high as the length of lanyard permits
and at a maximum of 300 mm horizontally from the
structural anchorage. Hold it by the quick release
device.
Let the mass fall and observe that the mass is not
released.

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5.2 Lanyards

The apparatus shall comply with 4.2, 4.4, 4.5
and 4.6.

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Figure 4 — Dynamic performance test of
energy absorber as component

Figure 5 — Dynamic performance test of
energy absorber with a harness

5.3.4.2 Energy absorber integral with a lanyard

5.3.5 Static strength test apparatus

5.3.4.2.1 If the overall length of the energy absorber
with lanyard and connectors is 2,0 m, attach
the 100 kg mass by connector to one end of the
energy absorber and lanyard and attach the other
end to the rigid structural anchorage point
incorporating the force measuring instrument.

The apparatus shall comply with 4.1.

NOTE If the overall length of the energy absorber with lanyard
and connectors is less than 2,0 m, the length shall be made up
to (2,0 + 0,25) m as described at 5.3.4.1.1.

5.3.4.2.2 Raise the mass by 4,0 m and at a maximum
of 300 mm horizontally from the structural
anchorage. Hold it by the quick release device.
5.3.4.2.3 Let the mass fall and measure the peak
force during the arrest stage. After the fall and with
the mass at rest, measure the displacement H of the
point of attachment of the mass to the energy
absorber.
5.3.4.3 Energy absorber with a harness
5.3.4.3.1 If it is not possible to insert a connector at
the point of attachment of energy absorber and
harness it is permissible to fit the harness to the
torso dummy and carry out the further stages of the
test as described at 5.3.4.1 (see Figure 5).

5.3.6 Static strength test procedure
Install the energy absorber and submit it, fully
developed, to the specified static test force between
its two end points. Maintain the force for a period
of 3 min and observe that the energy absorber does
not fracture.
NOTE Where the energy absorber is integral with a harness
and it is not possible to attach the test apparatus to the two end
points of the energy absorber, the 5.1.4.2 strength test shall
apply.

5.4 Connectors
5.4.1 Static strength test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.1 and the
loading bars shall be 12 mm diameter.
NOTE Where the design and function of a connector make it
unsuitable to test with 12 mm diameter loading bars the
manufacturer and test house shall agree the design of suitable
loading bars.

5.4.2 Static strength test procedure
The connector shall be submitted to the specified
static test force between its two end points. The
connector shall be allowed to take up its natural
position on the loading bars. Maintain the force for
a period of 3 min and observe that the connector
does not fracture.

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EN 364:1992

EN 364:1992

If the connector is of the self-closing type, it shall be
tested in the unlocked condition.

The apparatus shall comply with 4.4, 4.5 and 4.6.

5.5.2.4 Let the mass fall and measure the peak force
during the arrest stage. After the fall and with the
mass at rest, measure the displacement H of the
point of attachment of the mass.
5.5.2.5 If the arrester is designed to be attached
directly to a harness the system shall be tested in
accordance with 5.8.

5.5.2 Dynamic performance test procedure

5.5.3 Dynamic strength test apparatus

5.5.2.1 Secure the top of the anchorage line to the
rigid structural anchorage point incorporating the
force measuring instrument as shown in Figure 6.

The apparatus shall comply with 4.4.1, 4.5 and 4.6.

5.5 Guided type fall arresters with a flexible
anchorage line
5.5.1 Dynamic performance test apparatus

5.5.4 Dynamic strength test procedure
The test procedure is as described in 5.5.2 but the
test is carried out with the 150 kg mass.
Measurement of the arrest force and
displacement H is not required. Observe that the
mass is not released.
5.5.5 Static strength test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.1.
5.5.6 Static strength test procedure for
anchorage rope
From the anchorage rope upper end produce a 2,0 m
long specimen with a lower end termination
identical to the upper end point. Alternatively, the
manufacturer may submit specimens ready for test.
Install the anchorage rope specimen in the test
machine and submit it to the specified static test
force between its two end points for a period
of 3 min. Observe that the lanyard does not
fracture.
5.6 Guided type fall arresters with a rigid
anchorage line
5.6.1 Dynamic performance test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.4, 4.5 and 4.6. In
view of the risk of mechanical damage to the rail
giving rise to spurious performance results, it is
permissible to replace the test mass 4.5 with a sand
bag. The sand bag shall have a mass of (100 ± 1) kg
and may be fitted with belts (see Figure 7).

Figure 6 — Dynamic performance test of
guided type fall arrester with a flexible
anchorage rope
5.5.2.2 Hold the fall arrester as in the normal
condition of use within 300 mm of the top of the
anchorage line. Attach the fall attester to the 100 kg
mass by means of its lanyard and connectors.
5.5.2.3 Raise the mass as far above the arrester as
the lanyard and connectors permit, and at a
maximum of 300 mm horizontally from the
structural anchorage. Hold the mass by the quick
release device.

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5.6.2 Dynamic performance test procedure
Test method A or test method B shall be employed.
5.6.2.1 Test method A
5.6.2.1.1 Secure the rigid anchorage line via the
force measurement instrument to the structural
anchorage [see Figure 8 a)].
NOTE It is permissible to guide the rigid anchorage line
laterally by a method agreed between test house and
manufacturer.

5.6.2.1.2 With the attester within 300 mm of the top
of the rigid anchorage line, attach the fall attester
by means of its supplied lanyard and connectors to
the 100 kg mass.

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9

EN 364:1992

5.6.2.1.3 Raise the mass as far above the arrester as
the lanyard and connectors permit and, at a
maximum of 300 mm horizontally from the
anchorage line, hold it by the quick release device.
5.6.2.1.4 Let the mass fall and measure the peak
arrest force. After the fall, and with the mass at rest,
measure the displacement H.
5.6.2.2 Test method B

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For this test method the maximum overall length of
the force measurement instrument shall be 100 mm.
5.6.2.2.1 Secure the rail according to
manufacturer’s instructions.
5.6.2.2.2 Attach the fall arrester by means of its
lanyard and connectors via the force measuring
instrument to the 100 kg mass.
Figure 7 — Sand bag

Figure 8 — Alternative methods for dynamic performance test of guided type fall
arrester on a rigid anchorage line

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EN 364:1992

5.6.2.2.3 With the fall arrester mid-way between the
top and an intermediate anchorage [see Figure 8 b)],
raise the mass as far above the fall arrester as the
lanyard, force measurement instrument and
connectors permit. At a maximum horizontal
displacement of 300 mm from the anchorage line,
hold the mass by the quick release device.
5.6.2.2.4 Let the mass fall and measure the peak
force during the arrest stage. After the fall and with
the mass at rest, measure the displacement H of the
point of attachment of the mass.
5.6.3 Static strength test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.1.

5.7.4.2 Submit the assembly to the specified static
test force between its upper anchorage and the
retractable line termination. Maintain the force for
a period of 3 min and observe that the assembly does
not fracture.
5.7.4.3 If the device offers more than one anchorage
point, each point is to be tested to 5.7.4.2.
5.8 Dynamic test for systems with a harness
connected direct to a guided type fall arrester
on flexible anchorage rope
The purpose of this test is to ensure that when
guided type fall arresters are directly connected to a
harness the system is operationally compatible.

5.6.4 Static strength test procedure for guided
type fall arrester on a rigid anchorage line

5.8.1 Dynamic performance test apparatus

Install the specimen of rigid anchorage line
(including a joint if the anchorage line is a rail) with
fall arrester and supplied lanyard and connectors,
in the test machine such that the test force is
applied simultaneously to the line (or rail including
joint), fall attester, lanyard and connectors. Submit
it to the specified static test force between its two
end points for a period of 3 min. Observe that no
fracture occurs.

5.8.2 Dynamic performance test procedure

The apparatus shall comply with 4.2, 4.4 and 4.6.
5.8.2.1 Fit the torso dummy with the harness and
attach the harness to the fall arrester by means of
the direct connector supplied.
5.8.2.2 Secure the top of the anchorage line to the
rigid structural anchorage point incorporating the
force measuring instrument as shown in Figure 10.

5.7 Retractable type fall arresters
5.7.1 Dynamic performance test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.4, 4.5 and 4.6.
5.7.2 Dynamic performance test procedure

5.7.3 Static strength test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.1.
5.7.4 Static strength test procedure
5.7.4.1 Unreel the retractable lanyard fully, cut
it 1 m from the fall arrester and suitably terminate.
Alternatively, the manufacturer is permitted to
supply test specimens “ready for test” with the
manufacturer’s termination.

Figure 9 — Dynamic performance test of
retractable type all arrester

11

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--`,`,,``,`,,,,`````,`,``,,,,,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

5.7.2.1 Secure the top of the arrester to the rigid
structural anchorage point incorporating the force
measurement instrument as shown in Figure 9.
5.7.2.2 Withdraw the retractable lanyard 600 mm
from the fall arrester and attach a clip to prevent
retraction. Attach the 100 kg mass. Raise the mass
so that its eyebolt is horizontally in line with the clip
and, at a maximum of 300 mm horizontally from the
centre line, hold it by the quick release device.
5.7.2.3 Let the mass fall and measure the peak
arrest force. After the fall and with the mass at rest
measure the displacement H.
If the arrester includes a fall indicator, confirm that
this has operated in accordance with the
manufacturer’s information.

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EN 364:1992

5.9.2 Dynamic strength test for system of work
positioning belt and work positioning lanyard

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5.9.2.1 Fit the torso dummy with the work
positioning belt. Attach the work positioning
lanyard to one side attachment element only of the
work positioning belt. Adjust the length of work
positioning lanyard between the attachment
element and the length adjuster connector
to (1,0 ± 0,05) m. Secure the attachment element to
the structural anchorage point as shown in
Figure 11.

Figure 10 — Dynamic performance test of
system with harness connected direct to
guided type fall arrester on flexible anchorage
rope
5.8.2.3 Suspend the torso dummy by its upper
attachment point and raise this until the arrester is
within 300 mm of the top of the anchorage line and
the torso dummy no greater than 300 mm
horizontally from the structural anchorage. Hold
the torso dummy by the quick release device.
5.8.2.4 Let the torso dummy fall and measure the
peak force during the arrest stage. After the fall and
with the torso dummy at rest, measure the
displacement H of the point of attachment of the
torso dummy.
NOTE The strength tests for a guided type fall arrester with a
flexible anchorage rope are described at 5.5.4 and 5.5.6.

5.9 Work positioning belts and work
positioning lanyards
5.9.1 Dynamic test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.2, 4.4 and 4.6.

Figure 11 — Dynamic strength test for
system of work positioning belt and work
positioning lanyard
5.9.2.2 Suspend the torso dummy by its upper
attachment point and raise it so that the work
positioning belt side attachment element is
about 1,0 m above the work positioning lanyard
attachment element and as close as possible to
vertically above (but ensure there is sufficient
horizontal spacing to avoid impact during the fall).
Hold the torso dummy with the quick release device.
5.9.2.3 Release the torso dummy without initial
velocity, the feet first free fall being about 2,0 m
before the work positioning strap takes up the
tension. Observe whether the torso dummy is
released.
5.9.3 Static strength test apparatus for work
positioning belt and work positioning lanyard
The apparatus shall comply with 4.1 and 4.3.
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EN 364:1992

5.10.2 Static strength test procedure

5.9.4 Static strength test procedure for work
positioning belt as a separate component
Install the work positioning belt and test cylinder in
the test apparatus and apply the specified test force
between the test cylinder and one of the side
attachment elements, as shown in Figure 12.
Maintain the force for 3 min and observe whether
the work positioning belt releases the cylinder.

5.10.2.1 Install the restraint belt and test cylinder
in the test apparatus and apply the specified test
force between the test cylinder and the belt
attachment element, as shown in Figure 12.
Maintain the force for 3 min and observe whether
the restraint belt releases the cylinder.
5.10.2.2 If the restraint belt includes other
attachment elements of different design, repeat the
test for each design.
5.11 Conditioning for fall arresters
A minimum period of 2 h shall be allowed between
conditioning tests with the device in ambient
conditions and at room temperature.
Retractable arresters shall be conditioned to
heat (5.11.1), cold (5.11.2) and wet (5.11.3) with
their retractable lanyards fully extended.
5.11.1 Conditioning to heat

Figure 12 — Static strength test for work
positioning belt as separate component
If the opposite side attachment element differs in
design, or the work positioning belt includes other
attachment elements, repeat the test procedure for
that/those attachment element/s.
5.9.5 Static strength test procedure for work
positioning belt with integral work positioning
lanyard
Install the work positioning belt with integral work
positioning lanyard and test cylinder in the test
apparatus. Ensure that the active length of the work
positioning lanyard is 300 mm minimum as shown
in Figure 13. Apply the specified test force between
the test cylinder and the connector at the free end of
the work positioning lanyard. Maintain the force
for 3 min and observe whether the work positioning
belt or lanyard releases the cylinder.
5.9.6 Static strength test for separate work
positioning lanyard
Ensure that the work positioning lanyard length
adjuster is 300 mm minimum from the free end of
the lanyard as shown in Figure 14. Apply the
specified test force between the end points of the
lanyard. Maintain the force for 3 min and observe
that the lanyard does not fracture.
5.10 Restraint belts
5.10.1 Static strength test apparatus
The apparatus shall comply with 4.1 and 4.3.

5.11.1.1 The conditioning apparatus shall comply
with 4.8.1.
5.11.1.2 Place the fall arrester in a heated chamber
for 2 h at a temperature of (50 ± 2) °C and at a
relative humidity of 85 %.
Remove the arrester and, before 90 s has elapsed,
test as described at 5.11.6.
5.11.2 Conditioning to cold
5.11.2.1 Conditioning apparatus shall comply
with 4.8.2.
5.11.2.2 Place the fall arrester in a refrigerated
chamber for 2 h at a temperature of (– 30 ± 2) °C.
Remove the arrester and, before 90 s has elapsed,
test as described at 5.11.6.
5.11.3 Conditioning to wet
5.11.3.1 The conditioning apparatus shall comply
with 4.8.3.
5.11.3.2 Maintain the fall arrester at ambient
temperature for 24 h. Arrange the fall arrester
vertically in a tank and spray water, within the
temperature range (10 to 30) °C, on it for 3 h at a
rate of approximately 70 l/h.
Remove the arrester and, before 90 s has elapsed,
test as described at 5.11.6.
5.11.4 Conditioning to dust
5.11.4.1 The conditioning apparatus shall comply
with 4.8.4.
5.11.4.2 Place the fall arrester and its anchorage
line, in the operating condition, 150 mm above the
base of the box. Take a cord through the top of the
box so arranged that the mechanism can be
operated.

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13

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EN 364:1992

Figure 13 — Static strength test for work positioning belt with integral
work positioning lanyard
5.11.5 Conditioning to oil (guided type with
flexible rope)
5.11.5.1 Immerse the anchorage line in commercial
grade diesel oil at a temperature of (20 ± 2) °C for a
period of not less than 30 min.
5.11.5.2 Remove the line from the oil and allow to
drip for 24 h. Test as described at 5.11.6.
5.11.6 Locking test after conditioning
5.11.6.1 Guided type fall arresters
Figure 14 — Static strength test for work
positioning lanyard
5.11.4.3 Introduce 5 kg of dry cement on the floor of
the box and, at intervals of 5 min, agitate it by
projecting blasts of air for a period of 2 s. After 1 h,
beginning coincidentally with air blasts, perform
the following movement sequence.
5.11.4.3.1 For guided type fall arresters with
flexible rope or rigid anchorage line raise the device
as far as the lid of the box will permit, and lower to
the original position. Immediately repeat this
operation 10 times.
5.11.4.3.2 For retractable type devices, with a drum
or other means within the box driven by an external
crank, withdraw the retractable lanyard entirely
from the device and retract to the initial position.
5.11.4.4 Repeat the movement sequence at intervals
of 1 h until five such movement sequences have been
completed.
5.11.4.5 After the final movement sequence cease
the blasts of air. Allow the dust to settle for 15 min
and remove the device and anchorage line, or
retractable device, from the box. Test as described
at 5.11.6.

Suspend the arrester from its upper end point, in
the unloaded position, and operate under a falling
mass of 5 kg. Observe that the arrester locks and
can be unlocked after test.
5.11.6.2 Retractable type fall arresters
Suspend the arrester from its upper end point, in
the unlocked position, and operate with a suitable
mass at a velocity not exceeding 2,5 m/s. Observe
that the arrester locks and can be unlocked after
test.
The minimum mass shall be 5 kg but this can be
increased by 1 kg increments to that mass which
operates the device.
5.12 Endurance testing of retractable fall
arresters
5.12.1 The apparatus shall comply with 4.9.
5.12.2 Endurance test procedure
5.12.2.1 Suspend the arrester from its upper end
point.
5.12.2.2 Withdraw the line from the arrester for a
distance of 1 m and move it over a distance
of 300 mm. At the end of the movement cause the
arrester to lock by the application of a falling mass
at a speed not exceeding 2,5 m/s.
The minimum mass shall be 5 kg but this can be
increased by 1 kg increments to that mass which
operates the device.

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EN 364:1992

5.12.2.3 Repeat for a total of 1 000 relative
movements. Observe that the attester locks on each
operation.
5.12.2.4 As a test of function, withdraw the line
fully 10 times from the completely retracted
position. The velocity of extension and retraction
shall not exceed that for which the device is
designed.
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5.13 Testing for corrosion resistance of
metallic components
5.13.1 The apparatus shall comply with 4.7.
5.13.2 The specimen shall be exposed to the neutral
salt spray test for a period of 24 h, and dried for 1 h.
5.13.3 Examine the specimen. Metal parts shall
show no evidence of corrosion such as would affect
their function (white scaling or tarnishing is
acceptable if function is not impaired).
Where necessary to gain visual access to internal
components, dismantle the device and examine as
described.

15

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EN 364:1992
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Annex A Recommendations for
scheduling of tests
To reduce the number of specimens required for a
programme of tests it is recommended that the
following sequence of events be applied:
A.1 Corrosion resistance test (where applicable).
A.2 Endurance test 5.12 (where applicable).
A.3 Locking tests after conditioning 5.11 (where
applicable).
A.4 Static preloading test 5.3.2 for energy absorbers
only.
A.5 Dynamic performance test.
A.6 Dynamic strength test (where applicable).
A.7 Static strength test (where applicable).
If this sequence is followed it should be possible in
many cases to conduct the necessary tests with as
few as 2 test specimens (the changing of anchorage
ropes between tests is permissible for sliding type
fall arresters), and in extreme cases it is not
expected that more than 4 specimens should be
required.

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BS EN 364:1993
National annex NA (informative)
Committees responsible

The United Kingdom participation in the preparation of this European Standard was entrusted by the
Personal Safety Equipment Standards Policy Committee (PSM - to Technical Committee PSM/5 upon
which the following bodies were represented:

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Amalgamated Engineering Union
Arboricultural Safety Council
British Coal Corporation
British Constructional Steelwork Association Ltd.
British Forging Industry Association
British Leather Confederation
British Narrow Fabrics’ Association
British Telecommunications plc
Construction Health and Safety Group
Cordage Manufacturers’ Institute
Department of Trade and Industry (National Engineering Laboratory)
Electricity Association
Gauge and Tool Makers’ Association
Health and Safety Executive
Industrial Rope Access Trade Association
Industrial Safety (Protective Equipment) Manufacturers’ Association
Institution of Mechanical Engineers
National Federation of Master Steeplejacks and Lightning Conductor Engineers
Suspended Access Equipment Manufacturers’ Association

National annex NB (informative)
Cross-references
Publication referred to

Corresponding British Standard

EN 354:1992

BS EN 354:1993 Personal protective equipment against falls from a height —
Lanyards
BS EN 361:1993 Personal protective equipment gainst falls from a height — Full
body harnesses
BS EN 10002-1:1990 Metallic material — Tensile test — Method of test (at ambient
temperature)
BS EN 10002-2:1992 Verification of the force measuring system of tensile testing
machines
BS 7501:1989 General criteria for the operation of testing laboratories
BS 7479:1991 Method for salt spray corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres

EN 361:1992
EN 10002-1:1990
EN 10002-2:1991
EN 45001:1989
ISO 9227:1990

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BSI
389 Chiswick High Road
London
W4 4AL

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Copyright British Standards Institution
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