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Dragon Ball
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Dragon Ball

ドラゴンボール (Doragon Bōru)

Género

Acción, Aventura, Comedia, Ciencia ficción, Artes marciales, Fantasía Manga

Creado por Editorial

Akira Toriyama Shūeisha [mostrar]Otras editoriales: Shōnen Jump Shōnen 3 de diciembre de 1984 5 de junio de 1995 421 Anime

Publicado en Demografía Inicio de publicación Fin de publicación Volúmenes

Director Estudio Cadena televisiva Primera emisión

Daisuke Nishio Toei Animation Fuji TV [mostrar]Otras cadenas: 26 de febrero de 1986

Última emisión Episodios

19 de abril de 1989 153 Anime Dragon Ball Z

Director Estudio Cadena televisiva Primera emisión Última emisión Episodios

Daisuke Nishio Toei Animation Fuji TV [mostrar]Otras cadenas: 26 de abril de 1989 31 de enero de 1996 291 Anime Dragon Ball Z Kai

Director Estudio Cadena televisiva Primera emisión Última emisión Episodios

Yasuhiro Nowatari Toei Animation Fuji TV [mostrar]Otras cadenas: 5 de abril de 2009 2 de agosto 2011 98 Serie derivada

Dragon Ball GT Películas
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La leyenda del dragón Shenlong La Bella Durmiente en el Castillo del Mal Aventura Mística Saikyō e no michi

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Ora no Gohan o kaese!! Kono yo de ichiban tsuyoi yatsu Chikyū marugoto chōkessen Chō saiyajin da Son Gokū Tobikkiri no saikyō tai saikyō Gekitotsu!! 100 oku power no senshitachi Kyokugen Battle!! San Dai Super Saiyajin Moetsukiro!! Nessen - Ressen - Chōgekisen Ginga Giri-Giri!! Butchigiri no sugoi yatsu Kiken na futari! Super senshi wa nemurenai Super senshi gekiba!! Katsu no wa ore da Fukkatsu no fusion!! Gokū to Vegeta Ryūken Bakuhatsu!! Gokū ga yaraneba dare ga yaru Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods Especiales de TV

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Tatta hitori no saishū kessen Zetsubō e no hankō!! Gokū Gaiden! Yūki no akashi wa Sì Xīngqiú OVA

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Dragon Ball Z Gaiden: Saiyajin Zetsumetsu Keikaku Ossu! Kaette kita Son Gokū to nakamatachi!! Dragon Ball Z: Super Saiyajin Zetsu Metsu Dragon Ball: Episodio de Bardock Películas live action

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Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins Dragon Ball Dragonball Evolution

Dragon Ball (ドラゴンボール Doragon Bōru?, conocido en España como Bola de Dragón)2 es un manga escrito e ilustrado por Akira Toriyama, y publicado originalmente en la revista semanal Shōnen Jump entre 1984 y 1995,3 editándose luego en 42 tankōbon por Shueisha.1 En España fue publicado por la editorial Planeta DeAgostini entre 1995 y 1998,4 mientras que en Argentina y México fue publicado por

la Editorial Ivrea y el Grupo Editorial Vid, respectivamente.5 6 Toriyama se inspiró en la novela china Viaje al Oeste para crear a Dragon Ball.7 8 La trama sigue las aventuras de Son Gokū desde su infancia hasta su edad adulta, período en el que básicamente se somete a un entrenamiento de artes marciales, y explora el mundo en búsqueda de siete objetos legendarios conocidos como las Dragon Ball («Esferas del Dragón» en Hispanoamérica y «Bolas del Dragón» en España), las cuales conceden cualquier deseo a su portador por medio de un gran dragón volador llamado Shenlong. A lo largo de su travesía, Gokū se hace de varios amigos y se enfrenta a una amplia variedad de villanos, muchos de los cuales también buscan las esferas del dragón para cumplir sus siniestros deseos. Los 42 volúmenes (tankōbon) se adaptaron en dos series de anime producidas por Toei Animation: Dragon Ball y Dragon Ball Z, las cuales fueron transmitidas en Japón de 1986 a 1996. Adicionalmente, Toei ha creado 17 largometrajes animados inspirados en el manga, así como tres especiales televisivos y un anime alternativo titulado Dragon Ball GT, que continúa más allá de los acontecimientos presentados en el manga.9 Desde 2009 hasta 2011, Toei transmitió una versión remasterizada de Dragon Ball Z bajo el nombre de Dragon Ball Kai, en donde la mayoría del material de la versión original que no aparece en el manga fue eliminado. Es importante señalar que varias empresas han producido varios tipos de productos inspirados en Dragon Ball los cuales van desde un juego de cartas coleccionables hasta un gran número de videojuegos. Los derechos de distribución del manga fueron concedidos a Planeta DeAgostini para España, a Viz Media, para su publicación en inglés en Estados Unidos, a Gollancz Manga, Grupo Editorial Vid para México, para Reino Unido, a Chuang Yi para Australia y Nueva Zelanda, y a Editorial Ivrea para Argentina. Mientras tanto, los derechos del anime les correspondieron originalmente a Funimation Entertainment para su doblaje al inglés y su transmisión a nivel mundial, sin embargo Dragon Ball sería luego doblada por varios estudios distintos, acorde a la región donde se transmitiría. En 1989, se produjo en China una adaptación cinematográfica tipo live action (Xīn qī lóngzhū Shénlóng de chuánshuō), mientras que, en 2002, 20th Century Fox adquirió los derechos para producir una película estadounidense (Dragonball Evolution), la cual se estrenó en abril de 2009. Desde su lanzamiento, Dragon Ball se ha convertido en uno de los mangas y animes más populares de la historia, tanto en Japón como en Occidente. Los 42 volúmenes del manga han vendido más de 152 millones de copias solamente en su país de origen, cifra que se extiende a 300 millones si se consideran las ventas a nivel mundial.10 La serie ha logrado que sea traducida y distribuida en muchos países como España y la mayor parte de América Latina;11 12 incluso se ha hecho referencia a esta serie en muchas otros manga y anime.13 En una encuesta realizada por TV Asahi en 2006 Dragon Ball quedó en el tercer puesto de las 100 mejores series de animación de acuerdo al público japonés con 1322 votos.
MANGA

Manga
Véase también: Volúmenes de Dragon Ball.

El manga Dragon Ball, la obra original, fue escrito y dibujado por Akira Toriyama para la revista semanal Shōnen Jump, y fue publicado desde la edición número 51 de 1984 hasta la edición número 25 de 1995;3 la obra se compone de un total de 519 capítulos y un gaiden que fueron luego compilados en 42 volúmenes, de los cuales el primero fue publicado el 10 de septiembre de 1985 y el último el 4 de agosto de 1995. Si bien en este formato la sinopsis de Dragon Ball transcurre de manera similar a como se realiza en su versión anime, no se diferenció sino hasta que la serie tocó suelo americano, pues en la versión estadounidense se le llegó a distinguir por Dragon Ball Z.18 Asimismo una serie de anime cómics fue publicada entre enero de 1995 y marzo de 1997 basados en las películas y especiales de televisión que se transmitieron para complementar la serie.19 En el 2004 se reeditó su versión del manga en un nuevo formato, dividido en 34 kanzenban, que incluían un final ligeramente modificado y algunas páginas a color que aparecieron en la revista semanal de Japón, que en la anterior versión —la de 42 tomos— aparecían totalmente en blanco y negro.20 Entre los años 2006 y 2007, Planeta DeAgostini comenzó a publicar esta versión en España bajo el nombre de Dragon Ball Ultimate Edition.21 Dicha adaptación fue realizada por Viz Media mediante su revista mensual Shonen Jump, aunque aún continúa siendo publicada.22 Fue publicado en España por Planeta DeAgostini tanto en catalán (llamándose Bola de Drac ) como en castellano (respecto a la versión original),21 y en México (y con ello para la mayor parte de Hispanoamérica) por el Grupo Editorial Vid,[cita requerida] y en Francia por la Editorial Glénat.23 Además, ha sido publicado por la Editorial Ivrea en Argentina, aunque la serie completa aún no ha sido del todo concluida.24 Manga derivado A manera de autoparodia, Toriyama realizó una historia de un volumen titulada Neko Majin: un manga que relata la historia de un gato que posee poderes sobrenaturales, igual que los personajes de Dragon Ball controlan el ki. A rasgos generales, el manga contiene múltiples referencias y personajes de la serie de la cual se basa, tomando como eje central a un demonio que aterroriza la Tierra. Asimismo, se divide en dos partes, Neko Majin ga iru y Neko Majin Z.25 26 También Toriyama, autorizó en 2011 un manga sobre Bardock titulado: Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock, de 3 capítulos.[cita requerida].

Anime
El manga fue adaptado en su totalidad al anime por Toei Animation en dos series. Los primeros 194 capítulos fueron adaptados usando el mismo nombre en 153 episodios de media hora y se emitieron en Japón desde el 26 de febrero de 1986 al 19 de abril de 1989,27 28 29 sumándole además 4 películas. A partir del capítulo 195 del manga, su adaptación al anime fue llamada Dragon Ball Z (en Cataluña Bola de Drac Z y en España Bola de Dragón Z) y fueron adaptados 291 episodios de 20 minutos emitidos desde el 26 de abril de 198930 hasta el 31 de enero de 1996,31 completando la historia del manga. También fueron creados dos especiales para televisión que ampliaban la historia, más 13 películas y 2 OVA. Ambas series fueron dobladas por Intertrack S.A. de C.V. en México, aunque los primeros 60 episodios de Dragon Ball fueron doblados por Producciones Salgado.32 33 Las series son transmitidas por toda América Latina,34 .

En Cataluña fue doblada por Estudi Tramontana, tuvo dos directores Joan Pera y Vicents Manel Domench. Dragon Ball GT y Dragon Ball Z Kai se grabaron en los estudios Sonygraf también en Barcelona y el director fue Marc Zanni además doblador de Son Gokū en la versión catalana. En España: Estudi Tramontana de Barcelona dobló los primeros 26 episodios, Videotake Sur dobló el resto de la serie y Alta Frecuencia las películas y especiales, esta comenzó a transmitirse por Telemadrid y Canal Sur Televisión desde 1991.35 . El doblaje español, fue muy criticado, por cambiar nombres de personajes y técnicas como el Kame Hame Ha llamado en la versión española OndaVital. El 5 de abril de 2009 se estrenó una nueva versión de Dragon Ball Z llamada Dragon Ball Kai (Dragon Ball 改? Dragon Ball renovada) (en Occidente renombrada como Dragon Ball Z Kai), Dragon Ball Z remasterizada en alta definición en formato 16:9 con algunos cambios para festejar el 20.º aniversario de la serie, se cambió el doblaje original y la banda sonora, se editó para que siga mejor el manga y se crearon nuevos openings y endings.36 37 38 Esta serie tuvo una gran acogida en Japón y se convirtió en la serie más exitosa de la saga, a pesar de ser una remasterización, por lo que a diferencia de lo que se planeaba, la serie salió en América en 2010 para Estados Unidos, y al ser nuevamente un éxito en Norteamérica, fue llevada a Latinoamérica en 2011, en donde ya la saga contaba con una sólida base de fans, pero lamentablemente tuvo un fracaso en este último territorio debido al cambio de voces y la censura heredada de la versión estadounidense Dragon Ball GT
Artículo principal: Dragon Ball GT.

Al terminar Dragon Ball Z, y con la negativa de Toriyama al no querer seguir la serie, Toei creó una historia llamada Dragon Ball GT, en la cual Toriyama sólo participa en el diseño del título, en los diseños de personajes de Gokū y sus amigos al inicio de la serie, en la creación de imágenes promocionales, y aparatos como Giru y la nave. Esta historia original de Toei continúa la vida de Gokū y sus amigos años después del final del Anime Dragon Ball Z, enfrentándose a nuevos y poderosos enemigos y obteniendo nuevas habilidades. Fue estrenada el 7 de febrero de 1996,39 terminando el 19 de noviembre de 199740 con 64 episodios y un episodio especial para televisión titulado Gokū Gaiden! Yūki no akashi wa Sì Xīngqiú.41
Véase también: Episodios de Dragon Ball GT.

Películas Se crearon 13 películas animadas basadas en la serie; de las 4 basadas en la primera serie, las primeras son una trilogía que cuenta una historia alternativa a la original y la cuarta película fue creada para el décimo aniversario del anime. Las películas basadas en Dragon Ball Z tienen tramas completamente distintas a las de la serie, y casi ninguna de ellas se realiza en la línea temporal en la que se desarrolla la serie original.42 Actualmente, se está produciendo una nueva película de Dragon Ball Z, llamada «La Batalla de los Dioses», que se estrenó en Japón en marzo del 2013 y que en occidente fue licenciada por 20th Century Fox la cual se estrenara en cines entre finales de 2013 y principios de 2014. En Latinoamérica la distribución en los cines estará a cargo de la empresa Diamond Films.43

ENGLISH
Dragon Ball (ドラゴンボール Doragon Bōru?) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Akira Toriyama. It was originally serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1984 to 1995, with the 519 individual chapters published into 42 tankōbon volumes by Shueisha. Dragon Ball was inspired by the classical Chinese novel Journey to the West. The series follows the adventures of the protagonist, Son Goku, from his childhood through adulthood as he trains in martial arts and explores the world in search of the seven mystical orbs known as the Dragon Balls, which can summon a wish-granting dragon when gathered. Along his journey, Goku makes several friends and battles a wide variety of villains, many of whom also seek the Dragon Balls for their own desires. The 42 tankōbon have been adapted into two anime series produced by Toei Animation: Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z, which together were broadcast in Japan from 1986 to 1996. Additionally, Toei has developed seventeen animated feature films and three television specials, as well as an anime sequel titled Dragon Ball GT, which takes place after the events of the manga and anime. From 2009 to 2011, Toei broadcast a revised, faster-paced version of Dragon Ball Z under the title Dragon Ball Kai, in which most of the original version's footage not featured in the manga was removed. Several companies have developed various types of merchandising based on the series leading to a large media franchise that includes films, both animated and live-action, collectible trading card games, numerous action figures, along with several collections of soundtracks and a large number of video games. The manga series was licensed for an English-language release in North America by Viz Media, in the United Kingdom by Gollancz Manga, Australia and New Zealand by Chuang Yi and Malay-language release in Malaysia by Comics House. The entire anime series was licensed by Funimation Entertainment for an English-language release in the United States, although the series has not always been dubbed by the same studio. There have been many films of the franchise including the first live-action film adaptation being produced in 1989 in Taiwan. In 2002, 20th Century Fox acquired the rights to produce an American-made live-action film titled Dragonball Evolution that received a negative reception from critics and fans; the movie was released on April 10, 2009 in the United States. Since its release, Dragon Ball has become one of the most successful manga and anime series of all time. The manga's 42 volumes have sold over 156 million copies in Japan and more than 230 million copies worldwide, making it the second best-selling series in manga history. Reviewers have praised the art, characterization, and humor of the story. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest manga series ever made, with many manga artists such as Eiichiro Oda (One Piece), Masashi Kishimoto (Naruto), Tite Kubo (Bleach), Hiro Mashima (Rave Master, Fairy Tail), Makoto Raiku (Zatch Bell) and Yoshio Sawai (Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo) citing Dragon Ball as a source of inspiration for their own now popular works. The anime, particularly Dragon Ball Z, is also highly popular in various countries and was arguably one of the most influential in greatly boosting the popularity of Japanese animation in Western culture.

Manga

Dragon Ball See also: List of Dragon Ball manga volumes Written and illustrated by Akira Toriyama, Dragon Ball was initially serialized in the manga anthology Weekly Shōnen Jump starting on December 3, 1984.[4] The series ended on June 5, 1995 when Toriyama grew exhausted and felt he needed a break from drawing.[4] The 519 individual chapters were published into 42 tankōbon volumes by Shueisha from November 10, 1985 through August 4, 1995.[11][12][13] In 2002, the chapters were re-released in a collection of 34 kanzenban volumes, which included a slightly rewritten ending, new covers, and color artwork from its Weekly Shōnen Jump run. The February 2013 issue of V Jump, which was released in December 2012, announced that parts of the manga will be fully colored and re-released in 2013.[14] Three volumes comprising the "Saiyan arc" (which begins with chapter 195 of the original series) were released on February 4, 2013, and five volumes of the "Freeza arc" were released on April 4, 2013. The Dragon Ball manga was licensed for release in English in North America by Viz Media which has released all 42 volumes. Viz released volumes 17 through 42 (chapters 195 through 519) under the title "Dragon Ball Z" to mimic the name of the anime series adapted from those volumes, feeling it would reduce the potential for confusion by its readers. They initially released both series chapter by chapter in a monthly comic book format starting in 1998, and later began collecting them in graphic novels in 2000.[15] In 2000, while releasing Dragon Ball in the monthly format, Viz began to censor the series in response to complaints by parents.[16][17] They argued that when there are parental complaints, major chain stores stop selling the series, so to keep wide distribution, they made some "concessions".[17] They assured that all changes were done with approval by Toriyama and Shueisha, with Toriyama making suggestions himself: such as to obscure Goku's genitals with objects, rather than "neuter him".[17] A fan petition that garnered over 10,000 signatures was created, and a year later, Viz announced they would stop censoring the series and instead increased its "rating" to 13 and up, and reprinted the first 3 graphic novels.[16][18] "Dragon Ball Z", from Trunk's appearance to chapter 226, was published in Viz's monthly magazine Shonen Jump from its debut issue in January 2003 to April 2005. Later, the first 10 collected volumes of both series were re-released from March to May 2003 under their "Shonen Jump" imprint, with Dragon Ball being completed on August 3, 2004 and Dragon Ball Z finishing on June 6, 2006.[19][20] However, when releasing the last few volumes of Dragon Ball Z, the company began to censor the series again; translating the sound effects of gunshots to "zap" and changing the few sexual references.[18] In June 2008, Viz began re-releasing the two series in a wideban format called "Viz Big Edition," which collects three individual volumes into a single large volume.[21][22] These editions are on higher quality paper and include some of the original Weekly Shōnen Jump color pages, however, they include new censorship not in the 2003 releases. On November 3, 2008, the first volumes of both series were released in hardcover "Collector's Editions."[23][24] Viz began releasing new 3-in-1 volumes of Dragon Ball, similar to their "Viz Big Edition", using the Japanese kanzenban covers; with volume one released on June 4, 2013.[25] In February 2013, they began serializing the new fully colored version of the manga, starting from chapter 195, in their digital

anthology Weekly Shonen Jump.[26] They will publish Dragon Ball Full Color Edition into large printed volumes beginning on February 4, 2014.[27] Spin-offs and crossovers Toriyama also created a short series, Neko Majin, that became a self-parody of Dragon Ball. First appearing in August 1999, the eight chapter series was released sporadically in Weekly Shōnen Jump and Monthly Shōnen Jump until it was completed in 2005. These chapters were compiled into one kanzenban volume for release on April 4, 2005.[28] In 2006, in celebration of the 30th anniversary of Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo (or Kochikame), a special manga titled Super Kochikame (超こち亀 Chō Kochikame?) was released on September 15.[29] It included characters from the series appearing in special crossover chapters of other well-known manga. The chapter "This is the Police Station in front of Dragon Park on Planet Namek" (こちらナメック星ドラゴン公園前派出所 Kochira Namekku-sei Dragon Kōen-mae Hashutsujo?) was a Dragon Ball crossover by Toriyama and Kochikame author Osamu Akimoto. That same year, Toriyama teamed up with Eiichiro Oda to create a single crossover chapter of Dragon Ball and One Piece. Entitled Cross Epoch, the chapter was published in the December 25, 2006 issue of Weekly Shōnen Jump. It was published in English in the April 2011 issue of Shonen Jump.[30] A manga adaptation of Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!! illustrated by Naho Ōishi, was published in the March 21 and April 21, 2009 issues of V Jump as smaller books inserted in the magazine.[31] A colored spin-off manga titled Dragon Ball SD, also written by Ōishi, has been published in Shueisha's Saikyō Jump magazine since its debut issue released in December 2010.[32] After the first four issues, the second released in April 2011,[33] the third in August, and the fourth in October, the magazine became a monthly publication. The manga is a condensed retelling of Goku's various adventures as a child, with many details changed, in a super deformed art style, hence the title.[34] Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock is a three-chapter manga, once again penned by Naho Ōishi, that was published in the monthly magazine V Jump from August and October 2011.[35] This manga is a sequel to the 1990 TV special Bardock – The Father of Goku with some key details changed. As the title indicates the manga's story revolves around Bardock, Goku's father, who in this special is featured in a "whatif" scenario in which he did not die at the hands of Freeza and gets to fight his enemy as a Super Saiyan. The fact that Bardock appears as a Super Saiyan is based on the Dragon Ball Heroes card featuring him as one.[36] To promote Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods, Ōishi drew a short manga adaptation of the film for the April 2013 issue of Saikyō Jump.[37] The 12-page color manga took the place of Dragon Ball SD for that issue and depicts the beginning of the film. A short manga series to promote the arcade game Dragon Ball Heroes has been running in V Jump since September 2012.[38] Titled Dragon Ball Heroes: Victory Mission and written and drawn by Toyotarō, each chapter focuses on the game's main character, Beet (ビート?), with characters from the Dragon Ball franchise appearing as well. As of March 2013, seven chapters have been published.

Anime series
Dragon Ball

See also: List of Dragon Ball episodes Toei Animation produced an anime series based on the manga chapters, also titled Dragon Ball. The series premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on February 26, 1986 and ran until April 12, 1989, lasting 153 episodes.[4] Harmony Gold USA licensed the series for an English-language release in the United States in 1989. In their voice dub of the series, Harmony Gold renamed almost all of the characters; for example, Goku was renamed "Zero." This dub version was test-marketed in several cities, but was cancelled before it could be broadcast to the general public. In 1995, Funimation Entertainment acquired the license for the distribution of Dragon Ball in the U.S., as well as its sequel series Dragon Ball Z. Funimation contracted BLT Productions to create an English voice track for the first anime at their Canada-based ADR studio and the dubbed episodes were edited for content.[39] Thirteen episodes aired in first-run syndication during the fall of 1995 before Funimation cancelled the project due to low ratings and decided to shift their focus toward the more action-oriented Dragon Ball Z. Vidmark Entertainment (later known as Trimark Pictures) purchased the home video distribution rights for these dubbed episodes sometime after.[4] In March 2001, following the success of Dragon Ball Z on Cartoon Network, Funimation announced the return of Dragon Ball to American television, featuring a new English audio track produced at their own Texas-based ADR studio, as well as slightly less editing and the inclusion of the original Japanese background music (unlike their dub of the two sequel series).[39][40] The re-dubbed episodes aired on Cartoon Network from August 20, 2001 to December 1, 2003.[41] Funimation also broadcast the series on Colours TV and their own Funimation Channel starting in 2006.[42] Funimation began releasing their in-house dub of Dragon Ball to Region 1 DVD box sets in March 2003. Each box set, spanning an entire saga of the series, included the English dub track and the original Japanese audio track with optional English subtitles. However, they were unable to release the first thirteen episodes at the time, due to Lionsgate Entertainment holding the distribution rights to their original dub of the same episodes, having acquired them from Trimark after the company became defunct. After Lionsgate's license to the first thirteen episodes expired in 2009, Funimation remastered and re-released the complete Dragon Ball series to DVD in five individual season box sets, with the first set released on September 15, 2009 and the final set released on July 27, 2010. Dragon Ball Z Main article: Dragon Ball Z See also: List of Dragon Ball Z episodes With the ending of Dragon Ball, Toei Animation quickly released a second anime series, Dragon Ball Z (ドラゴンボールZ(ゼット) Doragon Bōru Zetto?, commonly abbreviated as DBZ). Picking up a few years after the series first left off, Dragon Ball Z is adapted from the final twenty-six volumes of the manga series which ran in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1989–1995. It premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on April 26,

1989, taking over its predecessor's time slot, and ran for 291 episodes until its conclusion on January 31, 1996.[4] Dragon Ball GT See also: List of Dragon Ball GT episodes Dragon Ball GT (ドラゴンボールGT(ジーティー) Doragon Bōru Jī Tī?, G(rand) T(ouring)[43]) premiered on Fuji TV on February 2, 1996 and ran until November 19, 1997 for 64 episodes.[4] Unlike the first two anime series, it is not based on Akira Toriyama's original Dragon Ball manga,[44] being created by Toei Animation as a sequel to the series or as Toriyama called it, a "side story of the original Dragon Ball".[43] Toriyama only designed the main cast and some machines, and came up with the title.[43] In Dragon Ball GT, Goku is accidentally transformed back into a child by the Black Star Dragon Balls and is forced to travel across the galaxy to retrieve them in order to reverse the effects of the balls and prevent the Earth's destruction. While traveling through space with his granddaughter Pan and Vegeta's son Trunks, Goku encounters additional enemies, including the vengeful Tsufruian Baby. Once back on Earth, Goku faces the challenge of a more-powerful Android, and the seven evil Shadow Dragons that were spawned from the negative energy accumulated from the overuse of the Earth's Dragon Balls. Following the success of both Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z on Cartoon Network, Funimation licensed Dragon Ball GT for distribution in the U.S. as well. Funimation's dub of the series aired on Cartoon Network from November 14, 2003 to April 16, 2005. The television broadcast initially skipped the first sixteen episodes of the series. Instead, Funimation created a composition episode entitled "A Grand Problem," which used scenes from the skipped episodes to summarize the story. The skipped episodes, advertised as "The Lost Episodes," were later aired after the remaining episodes of the series had been broadcast. As with Dragon Ball Z, the English dub of Dragon Ball GT received a new musical background score, this time composed by Mark Menza, as Bruce Faulconer had cut his ties with Funimation by then. Funimation later released their dub of Dragon Ball GT to bilingual Region 1 DVD in two season box sets, with the first set released on December 9, 2008 and the final set released on February 10, 2009, which also featured the Dragon Ball GT TV special, A Hero's Legacy. In a similar fashion to their DVD releases for Dragon Ball Z, the DVD box sets have the option of hearing the English dub alongside the original Japanese music, and the rap song used for the TV airing of the show, has been replaced by English-dubbed versions of the original Japanese opening and ending songs. Funimation later released a "Complete Series" box set of Dragon Ball GT (using the same discs as the two season sets, but with different packaging) on September 21, 2010.[45] Nicktoons began airing Dragon Ball GT on January 16, 2012.[46] Dragon Ball Kai Main article: Dragon Ball Z See also: List of Dragon Ball Z Kai episodes

In February 2009, Toei Animation announced that it would begin broadcasting a revised version of Dragon Ball Z as part of the series' 20th anniversary celebrations. The series premiered on Fuji TV in Japan on April 5, 2009, under the name Dragon Ball Kai (ドラゴンボール改(カイ) Doragon Bōru Kai?, lit. "Dragon Ball Revised"), with the episodes remastered for HDTV, featuring updated opening and ending sequences, and a rerecording of the vocal tracks by most of the original cast.[47][48] The footage was also re-edited to more closely follow the manga, resulting in a faster-moving story, and damaged frames removed.[49] As such, it is a new version of Dragon Ball Z created from the original footage. Funimation's English dub of the series is titled Dragon Ball Z Kai.[50][51]

Films
Anime See also: List of Dragon Ball films Seventeen anime films based on the Dragon Ball series have been released in Japan. The first three films were based on the original Dragon Ball anime series. The remaining films included thirteen Dragon Ball Z films and one tenth anniversary special (also based on the first anime series). However, the films are generally either alternate re-tellings of certain story arcs or extra side-stories that don't correlate with the same timeline as the series. Funimation has licensed and released all of the films to home video in North America. In July 2012, a new Dragon Ball Z movie was announced with a March 30, 2013 release date.[52] Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods is the franchise's first theatrical movie in 17 years and the first to have original creator Akira Toriyama deeply involved in its production.[52] Live-action A live-action Mandarin Chinese film adaptation of the series, Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins, was released in Taiwan in 1989.[4] Considered a "tacky" version of the story by critics,[4] the plot revolves around a rag-tag group of heroes, led by "Monkey Boy" (Goku) trying to stop King Horn from using the wish-granting "Dragon Pearls" (Dragon Balls) to rule the world. In December 1990, the unofficial live-action Korean film Dragon Ball: Ssawora Son Goku, Igyeora Son Goku was released. The movie follows the original Dragon Ball story, and does so more closely than The Magic Begins. It is an adaptation of the events of the first Dragon Ball story arc, however, Vegeta's partner Nappa makes an appearance. In March 2002, 20th Century Fox acquired feature film rights to the Dragon Ball franchise and began production on an American live action film entitled Dragonball Evolution.[53][54] Directed by James Wong and produced by Stephen Chow, it was released in the United States on April 10, 2009.[54][55] The film was largely considered a failure by both critics and Dragon Ball fans,[56] and only grossed $57 million at the box office.

nime
The anime adaptations have also been very well-received and are better known in the Western world than the manga, with Anime News Network saying "Few anime series have mainstreamed it the way Dragon Ball Z has. To a certain generation of television consumers its characters are as well known as any in the animated realm, and for many it was the first step into the wilderness of anime fandom."[93] "Shows like Naruto, YuYu Hakusho, and Bleach are what they are because of the groundwork laid down by DBZ and the formulas it established, formulas which were subsequently borrowed, exploited, and expanded upon by other creators. To deny that is to be stubbornly short-sighted."[94] In 2000, satellite TV channel Animax together with Brutus, a men's lifestyle magazine, and Tsutaya, Japan's largest video rental chain, conducted a poll among 200,000 fans on the top anime series, with Dragon Ball coming in fourth.[95] TV Asahi conducted two polls in 2005 on the Top 100 Anime, Dragon Ball came in second in the nation-wide survey conducted with multiple age-groups and in third in the online poll.[96][97] On several occasions the Dragon Ball anime has topped Japan's DVD sales.[98][99] Anime News Network summed up Dragon Ball as "an action-packed tale told with rare humor and something even rarer—a genuine sense of adventure."[100] They noted Funimation's reputation for taking liberties with the script; "Sections of dialogue are removed and added, jokes are inserted and excised, and entire conversations are warped until they bear little resemblance to the originals." But called their dub "great fun; full of clever banter and off-the-cuff jokes" and not "as unfaithful as a description of its wildly divergent script would lead you to believe.",[100] only becoming a real problem when dodging around "ribald" humor, which happens to be some of the series' best.[101] However, some critics and most fans of the Japanese version have been more critical with Funimation's English dub and script of Dragon Ball Z over the years. IGN criticized some of the voices to be "quite annoying" and also noted that Freeza's English voice "made him sound like a lady. This combined with Freeza's appearance left a lot of fans confused about Freeza's gender for a while."[102] T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews considered the series' characters to be different from stereotypical stock characters and noted that they undergo much more development.[103] Despite praising Dragon Ball Z for its cast of characters, they criticized it for having long and repetitive fights.[104] Dragon Ball Z is well-known, and often criticized, for its long, repetitive, dragged-out fights that span several episodes, with Anime News Network commenting "DBZ practically turned drawing out fights into an art form."[94] However, Jason Thompson explained that this comes from the fact that the anime was being created alongside the manga; "a 14-page chapter, consisting mostly of fighting, does not easily fill up a 20minute animated TV show. As a result, the originally brisk and action-packed manga became padded out into a bloated mess of a TV show."[105] Dragon Ball Z was listed as the 78th best animated show in IGN's Top 100 Animated Series,[106] and was also listed as the 50th greatest cartoon in Wizard magazine's Top 100 Greatest Cartoons list.[107] IGN commented that Dragon Ball GT "is downright repellent", mentioning that the material and characters had lost their novelty and fun. They also criticized the GT character designs of Trunks and Vegeta as being goofy.[102] Anime News Network also gave negative comments about GT, mentioning that the fights from the series were "a very simple childish exercise" and that many other anime were superior. The plot of Dragon Ball GT has also been criticized for giving a formula that was already used in its predecessors.[

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