WHAT MAKES INDIA A CENTER OF ATTRACTIO ATTRACTION N FOR ALL? AUSTRALI A
ANTARCTICA ANT ARCTICA
INDIA – THE EMERGING NATION
India's relations with the world have evolved since the British Raj (1857 Raj (1857 –1947), when the British Empire monopolised Empire monopolised external and defence relations. When India gained independence in 1947, few Indians had experience in making or conducting foreign policy. policy. However, the country's oldest political party, the Indian National Congress, Congress, had established a small foreign department in 1925 to make overseas contacts and to publicise its freedom struggle. From the late 1920s on, Jawaharlal Nehru Nehru,, who had a long-standing interest in world affairs among independence leaders, formulated the Congress stance on international issues. As a member of the interim government in 1946, Nehru articulated India's approach to the world. India's international influence varied over the years after independence. Indian prestige and moral authority were authority were high in the 1950s and facilitated the acquisition of developmental assistance from both East and West. Although the prestige stemmed from India's nonaligned stance, the nation was unable to prevent Cold War politics from becoming intertwined with interstate relations in South Asia. Asia.
RELATIONS TIONS WITH DIFFERENT RELA NATIONS
India has been pushing for reforms in the UN and WTO with mixed results. India's candidature for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council is currently backed by several France, , Japan, Russia, countries the Unitedincluding Kingdom,Germany Kingdom,Germany, Brazil,Australia and UAE. India's growing economy economy,, str strategic ategic location, friendly foreign policy and large and vibrant diaspora has diaspora has won it more allies than enemies.India has friendly relations with several countries in the developing world world.. Though India is not a part of any major military it has close and military alliance, relationship with moststrategic of the fellow major powers.
MAJOR R PARTNER ARTNERS S TO MAJO INDIA
Countries considered India's closest include the Russian Federation,,Israel, Federation Israel, Afghanistan, Afghanistan,France France,, Bhutan Bhutanand and Bangladesh.Russia Bangladesh.Russia is the largest supplier of military equipment to India, followed by Israel and France. According to some analysts, Israel is set to overtake Russia as India's largest military and strategic partner.The two countries also collaborate extensively in the sphere of counterterrorism and space technology.India technology.India also enjoys strong military relations with several other countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States,Japan,Singapore States,Japan,Singapore,, Brazil, South Africa and Italy. Italy. In addition, India operates operat es an airbase airbase in in Tajikistanand signed a landmark defence accord with Qatar in in 2008.
INDIA’S RELATION WITH
UN,SAARC AND WTO
India has played an active role in the deliberations of the United Nations on the creation of a more equitable international economic order. It has been an active member of the Group of 77, and later the core group of the G-15 nations. Other issues, such as environmentally sustainable development and the promotion and protection of human rights, have also been an important focus of India's foreign policy in international forums. Described by WTO chief Pascal Lamy as Lamy as one of the organisation's "big brothers",India was instrumental in bringing down the Doha round of round of talks in 2008.It has played an important role of representing as many as 100 developing nations during WTO summits. Certain aspects of India's relations the subcontinent are conducted through the South Asianwithin Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC (SAARC). ). Its members are Afghanistan,Bangladesh Afghanistan, Bangladesh,, Bhutan, India, Maldives Maldives,, Nepal, Lanka.. Established in 1985, SAARC Pakistan, and Sri Lanka encourages cooperation in agriculture, rural development, science and technology, culture, health, population control, narcotics control and anti-terrorism.