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TN Solar Policy

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Wednesday, July 27, 2011





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Solar Road map of Tamilnadu, Solar Policy of TN 25

Tamilnadu Solar Road Map India currently imports about 72% of its total oil consumption and this share of imported oil is expected to reach 90% and coal imports could increase to as high as 45% by 2031-32.

Hence, in the intere Hence, interest st of nation national al ene energy rgy securi security ty,, the Governm Government ent is tr tryin ying g to explore explore all  possible options of generation and supply of electricity. Preferably low carbon energy or even better no carbon energy like solar power. JNNSM has given an impetus to solar energy; India plans to generate 20000MW of solar energy  by 2022.Keeping the National mission in mind the states have drawn their own solar policy to further hasten the growth of solar energy. II. SOLAR POWER GENERATION

(i)Generation (i)Generat ion Based Incentive Incentive Scheme Scheme Under Generation Generation Based Incenti Incentive ve Scheme Scheme of MNRE 6 MW (5MW+1MW) capacity private power projects are under implementation. (ii)Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission Govt. of India has recently launched Jawaharlal  Nehru National Solar Mission with the objective to establish India as a Global leader in Solar  Energy by creating policy conditions for its dif diffusion fusion across the country. country. The Mission will adopt 3 phase approach for deployment of Grid connected solar power generation as well as distributed and de-centralized off grid applications for the country as below:


S.  No 1 2 3

Target for Phase I Target for Phase II (2010-13) (2013-17) Solar Collectors 7 million sq meters 15 million sq meters Off grid solar applications 200 MW 1000 MW Utility grid power, 1,000-2000 MW 4000-10,000 MW including roof top Application Segment

Target for Phase III (2017-22) 20 million sq meters 2000 MW 20000 MW

  The Mission also envisages envisages the provision provision of Special Special Incentive Package Package for manufac manufacture ture of  various vario us components for Solar syst systems. ems. Initiative Initiativess will be taken by TEDA to promote promote solar  energy in Tamil Nadu in line with the solar Mission Mission as and when a clear-cut plan of action has  been laid out by MNRE, Government of India. (iii) SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS Solar thermal syst systems ems harness the heat energy from tthe he sun, through Solar thermal collectors using specially coated black metal plates and use the same for heating heating of water or air. Solar Wa Water ter heating heating system, system, Solar air heating heating system system / dryer and Solar Cookers are some of the best examples of Solar Thermal systems in use. (iv) Solar Water Heating System A Solar Solar Water Heater is a device that uses heat energy of the sun to provide hot water for various applicati applications ons such as bathing, bathing, Washing, Washing, Cleaning Cleaning etc in homes as well as Hotels, Hospitals Hospitals and other industries where hot water is required. A domestic Solar Heater, witheasily a ily Capacity LPD (liters per day), sufficient for a1500 4 or 5 Water members. member s. It can eas replace replaceofa100 2 KW electric elect ric geyser geys er andiscan save save upto 15family 00 units unitof s of  electricit elect ricity y a year. It pays back back the 65 cost cost in 3 to 4 years, years, after which which hot water water is availa available ble almost free of cost during the remaining life span of the system, which is about 15 – 20 years. Any higher capacity capacity system system as required can be installed installed in multiples multiples of 100 LPD. The only condition is a shadow free free open space is required at the ground or terrace. About 3 sq.m space is, required for 100 LPD LPD system. It works automatically. automatically. Every year, a few Government Government Hostels / Hospitals Hospitals have been provided with these syst systems. ems. Solar  Water Heating Systems have been installed in 76 Government buildings, 3522 residences for  domestic domest ic purposes purposes and 440 industries industries / Instituti Institutions ons for commercial commercial purposes purposes under various subsidy schemes. For the year 2009-10, Rs.43.00 lakhs has been sanctioned under Part-II scheme for installation installation in Government Hospitals etc. with a total total capacity of 14,000 LPD. Re-tender has  been floated fixing due date of opening of tender as 29.4.2010.66 (v) SOLAR WATER HEATING SYSTEM SYSTEM FOR VIP’S RESIDENCES Government of Tamil  Nadu had sanctioned Rs.2.14 crores for installation of Solar Water Heating Systems at the residences of VVIP’s. The systems had already been installed at the residences of Honourable Ministers, Judges, VIP Quarters and A & B Blocks of MLA quarters. Installation work is under   progress in C & D blocks of MLA quarters. (vi) SOLAR SOLAR AIR HEATING HEATING SYSTEMS SYSTEMS The Governme Government nt of India India (MNRE) (MNRE) is providing providing subsidy for installation of Solar Air Heating system at 50% of the cost of the system, subject to a maximu max imum m of Rs.2500 Rs.2500//- per sq.m of Collec Collector tor area for non-prof non-profit it making making instit instituti utions ons & organisations and 35% of the cost subject to a maximum of Rs,1750/- per sq.m. of collector area for commercial and industrial users. (vii) SOLAR COOKER Two types of Solar Cookers are available viz box type type and dish type. A box type type Solar Solar Cooker, Cooker, suitable suitable for for a family family of 4 or 5, can cook cook food food in 3 to 4 hours. hours. The


Cooker has to be kept outside in the Sun, and can cook upto 4 items items at a 67 time. It is available with wit h electr electrica icall backup backup and so it can be used used even even non-shi non-shine ne hours. hours. It can save save upto upto 4 LPG cylind cyl inders ers,, a year. year. Howeve However, r, food cannot cannot be fried fried in the box type solar solar cooker. cooker. Under  Under  arrangements made by the Government of India (MNRE), (MNRE), interest free loan is avail available able for the  bulk users through IREDA and some of the banks. A dish Solar Cooker Cooker can cook food in lesser lesser time than a box cooker. cooker. It can be used even for   preparing  prepa ring chappaties chappaties and for frying. It can however, be used to cook only one item at a time. The Government of India (MNRE) subsidy is available upto 30% of the cost. Solar steam cooking cookin g systems are also available available which can be installed installed where boilers boilers are used for steam generation and the food can be cooked for thousands of persons. One solar steam cooking system with 1100 Sq. m. dish area, has been installed at an educational institution in Chennai. The Government of India (MNRE) has sanctioned Rs.55.00 lakhs as subsidy @ Rs.5000/- per sq.m. for this solar cooking systems, out of the project cost of 110.00 lakhs. 2.0 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS Solar energy is converted into electricity through solar photovoltaic (SPV) Cells / modules and utilized to operate various electrical appliances. 2.1 SPV DEVICES SPV devices devices can be used for meeting meeting the needs of home lighting, office office lighting lighting and Street lighting and the State under Government India can (MNRE) scheme with subsidy upto 50% of promoted the cost. cost. inLocal bodi bodies es in rural and urban urbaof n areas avail this thi s subsidy subsid y and thus reduce the recurring Electricity Electricity charges. Totally 5732 Nos. SPV SPV Street Street lights, lights, 2076 SPV Home li light ghtss and 285 SPV pumps have been been instal installed led in the State State under under the subsid subsidy y sch scheme eme.. 2.2 ELECTRIFICATION OF REMOTE HABITATIONS Based on the list list of habitations furnished  by TNEB, which could could not be electrifie electrified d through grid power on account of their locat location ion in or  near forest area, TEDA had undertaken their electrification electrification using Solar Home llights ights and Street lights. Under Phase-I, 128 habitations in 12 Districts were electrified 69 at a total cost of Rs.8.25 crores shared between the Central and State Government. Electrification of 30 habitations habitations in 5 Districts Under Phase-II, is being carried out during 2009-10. ( All the above information are as per http://www.tn.gov.in/policynotes/pdf/energy.pdf  per  http://www.tn.gov.in/policynotes/pdf/energy.pdf   Not all said above would have been carried out. But most would have been) Tami Tamill5.35Kwh/sq.m/day. Nadu Nadu rece receiv ives es the theVellore, thir third d larg laThe rges esttNilgiris, amou amount ntTiruvannamalai of sola solarr ra radi diat atio ion nSalem in In Indi dia. a. wh ich h is about and are the whic locations considered suitable for solar energy production with the potential of 2,672 MW; 2,232 MW; 2,170 MW and 1,853 MW using five per cent of utilizable waste land.


Solar irradiation data of different cities in Tamilnadu






















































































































































































  Current scene of Solar Energy in TN Grid Connected Solar System

The quantum of grid connected solar system in Tamil Nadu is at present only 0.165 MW and that of India is 47 MW. As per the preliminary potential assessment study by World Institute of  Sustainable Energy (WISE), the estimated gross potential for land-based grid connected Solar  PV in the State is in the range of 4,000 MW to 21,700 MW. The government is keen on tapping solar power and has almost finalised its policy on roof top solar power generation systems. Those who generate with roof top systems can consume the  power so generated and also feed the surplus to the grid.


The state state Pr Princ incipa ipall Secret Secretary ary (Energ (Energy) y) P.W.C. P.W.C. Davidar Davidar said said they they wer weree waitin waiting g for some some clarifications like the price at which this power could be fed to the grid before finalising the  policy. The government is planning to install meters at distribution transformers and feeders and use of  information technology (IT) for meter reading and billing. Status of Rooftop Power

Under the Rooftop Power and Stand alone Small Grid-connected Power scheme, seven SPV  projects, of each 1 MW capacity have been sanctioned for the State. TN Tariff for solar Power

The State has announced the highest tariff of Rs.18.45 against Rs.17.91 per unit fixed by Central Electricity Regulatory Authority (CERC) for solar power under rooftop PV and small solar  generation programmes of Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission. The Tamil Nadu government plans to come out with an action plan on climate change on the lines of the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC) to promote renewable energy in the state. state. Beside Besides, s, Tamil Tamil Nadu Nadu Electr Electrici icity ty Regula Regulator tory y Com Commis missio sion n (TNERC (TNERC)) has set up a renewable energy purchase obligation (RPO) at 14 percent for 2010-2011. The Tamil Nadu government plans to come out with an action plan on climate change on the lines of the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC) to promote renewable energy in the state. state. Beside Besides, s, Tamil Tamil Nadu Nadu Electr Electrici icity ty Regula Regulator tory y Com Commis missio sion n (TNERC (TNERC)) has set up a renewable energy purchase obligation (RPO) at 14 percent for 2010-2011. In line with NAPCC, the Tamil Nadu government is also in the process of formulating an Action Plan on Climate Change. Solar energy will get due significance in this plan. Underr the Unde the sche scheme me,, se seve ven n so sola larr photo photo volta voltaic ic proj projec ects ts of 1 MW ca capa paci city ty ea each ch ha have ve be been en sanctioned for the State. Solar Roadmap of Tamilnadu by CII

To explore the potential of solar energy sector in Tamil Nadu the taskforce on solar power of the CII Tamil Nadu State Council has embarked on an initiative, and drawn the report on "Solar  Road Map in Tamil Nadu: Opportunities and the Role of Government and Industries” The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), which incorporates India’s vision of  sustainable development, has recommended minimum share of renewable energy in the national grid to be 5% in 2009-2010, increasing 1% every year during the next 10 years to reach 15% by 2020. The Jawaharlal Jawaharlal Nehru National National Solar Mission Mission aims to create an enabling policy framework for  the deployment of 20,000 MW of grid-connected solar power by 2022. The CII Road Map says that to meet this long term national target, two renewable energy technologies: wind and solar have to play an important role considering their distinct advantages in terms terms of resour resource ce availab availabili ility, ty, short short gestat gestation ion period period and curren currentt stage stage of techno technolog logy y development. “Beyond the NAPCC target, it is in the interest of State Governments to invest in renewable energy to mitigate the current power crisis, without waiting for long gestation conventional  projects to materialise,” it adds.


The report points out that the total installed power capacity of Tamil Nadu is about 14, 770 MW, comprising generation from thermal, hydro, and renewable sources of energy. Tamil Nadu is the only State in India which gets 35% of its installed capacity coming from renewable source of energy. However, the major contribution is from thermal sources - about 48% - and hydro and nuclear by 14% and 3% respectively. To meet the ever growing needs of energy, the State Government has to tap the solar energy, which is the single biggest source of renewable energy and offers unlimited potential. Tamilnadu Power Potential In view of the holistic development of solar industry in the State, which is estimated to have a gross potential of 4000 -21700 MW of land-based, grid-connected solar PV and 400-2000 MW of grid-connected Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), the Government of Tamil Nadu should announce a Solar Energy Policy and a Land Allotment Policy for solar projects,” recommends the “Solar Road Map for Tamil Nadu". The State should identify the potential areas and strategies for deployment of: utility scale gridconnected solar power technologies, grid interactive rooftop PV systems and small solar power   projects, off-grid solar applications in rural areas, besides identifying the domestic, commercial, indust ind ustria riall heatin heating g requir requireme ements nts that that can be substi substitut tuted ed with with solar solar applica applicatio tions ns and creati creating ng enabling policy and regulatory framework to realise the solar power p ower potential,” the report says. To sum up Tamilnadu Roadmap on solar Energy Objective: •

To promote utility scale solar power projects with private participation with necessary supportt and facilitati suppor facilitation on to the entrepreneu entrepreneurs rs and investors investors for speedy implementati implementation on of  the projects.

To promote off-grid solar applications for decentralized energy supply to agriculture, industry, commercial and household sectors

Substi Sub stitut tuting ing the indust industria riall / commer commercia ciall / domest domestic ic heatin heating g requir requireme ement nt with with solar  solar  applications

The potential for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) or solar thermal projects is estimated to be around 400 MW to 2,000 MW in the State.

Scope of the report to include:

1. Land identification and allotment policy  2. Si Sing ngle le Wind Window ow cle clear aran ance ce 3. Creati Creation on of solar solar energy energy spec special ial econom economic ic zone 4. Grid augmentat augmentation ion and overhauli overhauling ng / wheeling wheeling and banking banking facility facility for solar solar power  power   projects 5. Connectivity Connectivity standar standards ds and net meteri metering ng for small small solar plant plant / roof roof top solar solar PV 6. Special Special policies policies by diverse diverse off-grid off-grid solar solar applica applications tions


7. To identify identify the potential potential areas areas for solar solar off-grid off-grid applicati applications ons for electrici electricity ty and heating heating need across domestic / industry / commercial sector and device an appropriate scheme for   promotion of solar off-grid application in the state. State level incentives: incentives for solar equipment manufacturing in TN - State-level Tax ince incent ntiv ives es:: prop proper erty ty tax tax re redu duct ctio ion, n, re redu duct ctio ion n in ta tax x an and d duti duties es (VAT (VAT)) on ba bala lanc ncee of  system,, Invest system Investmen mentt tax credit creditss for commer commercia ciall and domest domestic ic solar solar applica applicatio tion, n, sof softt loans loans wherever applicable Resear Res earch, ch, develop developmen ment, t, demons demonstr trati ation on polici policies es - Streng Strengthe thenin ning g and capaci capacity ty buildi building ng of  instit ins tituti utions ons Necess Necessity ity of capaci capacity ty buildi building ng of SNA conside considerin ring g its role role in propos proposed ed REC implementation mechanism: RE project accreditation, concept of solar specific RPO and REC Human Resource Development: policies and strategies -Suggestion on feed-in tariff and RPS segmentation

Solar Power Projects in Tamilnadu FIRST SOLAR FARM in Sivaganga Moser Baer Moser Baer Clean Clean Energy Energy Limite Limited d (MBCEL (MBCEL), ), a subsid subsidiar iary y of Moser Moser Baer Baer Proje Projects cts Privat Privatee Limited (MBPPL) has commissioned the country’s largest and the first 5 MW solar farm at Sivaganga in Tamil Nadu. The technical expertise for commissioning was provided by the EPC (Engineering Procurement Commissioning) arm of Moser Baer Solar Limited. The International Finance Corporation and the IDBI bank has provided debt for the project. The solar farm has been commissioned using amorphous silicon Thin Film technology which is  best suited for the Indian climatic conditions and is connected to the 110 KVA local grid. The  project had been awarded by the Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA) and is being im impl pleme ement nted ed un under der the the Gener Generat atio ion n Base Based d Ince Incent ntiv ivee sc schem hemee of th thee Mini Minist stry ry of New New & Renewable Energy, Government of India. The project awarded on the basis of a global bid is the firstt of its kind in the solar farm category firs category to be commission commissioned ed in India under the phase 1 of the  National Solar Mission. R.P.P infra projects Limited plans to invest Rs 80 crores to generate electricity from alternative energy sources mainly solar power. The company has selected the site at Kamudhi, Tamilnadu to set up a plant of 5MW. Each state will vie with each other in offering incentives for solar and renewable energy creating an attractive breeding ground for clean energy. Solar Photovoltaic Systems/Solar Thermal Systems manufacturers/suppliers in Tamilnadu:

1. KCP Sixvel Sixvelll Power Power Sy Syste stems, ms, Salem Salem 2. Vellor Velloree Agro Agro Tech’s Tech’s,, Vellor Velloree 3. Bharat Bharat Elect Electron ronic ic Ltd., Ltd., Teyana Teyanampe mpet, t, Chennai Chennai 4. Sarava Saravana na Energ Energy y Syste Systems, ms, Cuddalo Cuddalore re


5. Alter Alter Energy Energy system systems, s, Madura Maduraii 6. Win Win Sola Solarr Indu Indust stry ry,, Sale Salem m 7. Adity Adityaa Power Power Indust Industrie ries, s, Chenn Chennai ai 8. Rash Rashmi mi Indu Indust stri ries es,, Erod Erodee 9. Sree Sree Nandhee Nandhee’s ’s Technol Technologi ogies es Pvt Ltd, Ltd, Chenn Chennai ai 10. Sathiyan Sathiyan Sun Power Systems, Systems, Salem 11. Win Power Power System, System, Salem Salem 12. KCP Solar Solar Industry, Industry, Salem Salem 13. Mercury Mercury Solar Sequence, Sequence, Dindigul Dindigul 14. Sai Sustainable Sustainable Energy Equipment, Equipment, Chennai 15. Solson Solar Equipment Device Pvt Pvt Ltd., Madurai Solar business opportunities: Tamil nadu The Solar business opportunities mentioned below are not specific to Tamilnadu. They are industry specific opportunities. However in the whole of India, Tamilnadu has a very high incidence of irradiation and has a pretty good potential for solar energy.

Polysilicon Manufacture Polysilicon is used to manufacture crystalline wafers. Around a quarter of the cost of a crystalline module goes just for polysilicon.  Type of entrepreneurs/ investors who can benefit - Entrepreneurs keen on building up capital intensive manufacturing facilities for an emerging market. The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC Scale Sca le of inv investme estment nt - Typical Typical investme investments nts of $500 $500 mill million ion - $1 bill billion ion for buildin building g a polysili polysilicon con production plant. High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Commodity manufacturing Bottlenecks/threats Bottlenecks/ threats - High capital requirements, high energy input requirements requirements and long-term supply contracts could be deterrents to new entrants. Competition - The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC Market size - The world market of polysilicon has been growing 30-40% annually annually since 2004, primarily from the growth in solar PV industry. The market size of the solar cell polycrystalline silicon market in 2009 was $5.13 billion. Anyone who is looking at a Polysilic Polysilicon on manufacture, needs to look at the world market. Supply Sup ply and dema demand nd - Followin Following g und undersu ersuppl pply y since since past few year years, s, polysili polysilicon con prod producti uction on capacity capacity entered a fast-growth phase in 2009, which resulted in an oversupply situation, in response to increase in production capacity and growth in demand from the end markets. It is forecasted that the demand for polysilicon will continue to increase at more than ten percent for the period 2010 to 2012. Polysilic Polysilicon on oversupply will also trigger a long term decline in its prices, which peaked to the highest levels in 2008 in response to its supply shortage.


Indian scenario - Companies such as Lanco, Bhaskar Solar and Acharya are reportedly setting up polysilicon manufacturing plants in India, though these are pretty much early days for polysilicon in India.  

Ingot and wafer manufacturing: A business opportunity  The process of melting polysilicon into ingots and subsequently cutting them into wafers is wedged between polysilicon production and cell manufacturing.   Yet, it is a distinc distinctt process process that does not requ require ire physical physical prox proximit imity y to upstream upstream or downstre downstream am processing. Consequently, some companies specialize in just doing that. Typically, ingot and wafer manufacturing are done by the same company.  Type of entrepreneurs /investors who can benefit - Companies that have been operating in metal cutting and finishing, abrasives and related industries could be ideally suited to enter this segment. Scale of investment - Ingots and wafer manufacturing requires minimum investments in the range $50-75 million (the typical minimum capacity recommended is about 60 MW per year). High R&D or commodity manufacturing - Commodity manufacturing Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - There is a threat of backward and forward integration by large solar cell manufact manu facturer urers s and polysili polysilicon con prod producer ucers s respectiv respectively; ely; thus thus,, this segment is under under thre threat at of being being taken over by its suppliers and customers in search for capturing more stable value Competition - The wafer industry is dominated by a few (5) companies sharing over 90% of the market, with Shin-Etsu and Sumco (Japan) alone having a third each, the remaining being Siltronic Siltronic (Germany), MEMC (USA) and LG Siltron (South Korea). There are however, many smaller companies fighting for share. Market size – The global solar PV wafers production capacity has been increasing year by year, from 1,900 MW in 2004 to 23,079 MW in 2010 at a CAGR of 51.6%. It is expected that there will be a decline in the capacity expansion of wafers due to considerable supply which can meet the market demand. Shift towards thin - film technology will also reduce the utilization of wafers in PV. The production of  wafers is projected to increase from 17,309 MW in 2010 to reach 29,000 MW by the end of 2015 at a CAGR of 10.9%. Supply and demand - The global wafers industry caters to both solar and semiconductor semiconductor industry. The demand for PV wafers continued to increase driven by rapid growth in PV installations during 20012010. While a decline in the capacity expansion of wafers is expected due to considerable supply to meet the market demand and due to a shift towards thin-film technology, the production is still expected to increase at a CAGR of almost 11% until 2015. Indian Indi an scenari scenario o - As of end 2010, the Indi Indian an govern government ment has received received 7 proposal proposals s adding adding up to investments investme nts of about about $16 billio billion n to set up manufac manufacturi turing ng units units for polysilico polysilicon, n, sing single le and multi crystalline crystalli ne ingots, wafers, solar cells, photovoltaic modules, etc. Companies such as Lanco Solar, Bhaskar Silicon, and Carborundum Universal are reportedly having plans for setting up integrated polysilicon plants with ingot and wafer manufacturing facilities  

Solar Cell Manufacturing: A solar business oppotunity Cell manu manufact facturi uring ng involve involves s creating creating the all-impo all-importan rtantt pn-j pn-junc unction tion,, coating coating and layering layering.. It is an important step in the value chain that is responsible for about 15% of a solar PV module cost and it is here where significant technical differentiation is created. Crystalline Cell Manufacturing: Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Ingot and wafer manufacturers who are keen on forward integration can exploit this opportunity. Scale of investment - Medium-Large. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell minimum plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW crystalline silicon and 20 US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films.  The economical size for a for solar cell factory is about MW.


Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - Cell manufacturers face the critical challenge of rigourously estimating the demand requirements from the end user market. The past decade has shown how badly the cell manufacturers could be affected if there is a significant fall in demand or oversupply in the market. High capital requirements for the manufacturing line, combined with a need for economies of scale can make it difficult for new entrants. Competit Comp etition ion - Ther There e are an ever ever-gro -growing wing number of cell manu manufact facturer urers, s, and the industr industry y is not dominated by a few big players. The top 10 producers in 2008 produced just over 50% of the total. The market leader, Q-Cells, commands a market share of 10%.  The end - use markets for solar installation is still dominated by Germany, the United States and Japan, though India is also expected to become important in the near future, owing to the National Solar Mission. The Chinese market for solar remains small, hence most of the solar cells and modules are exported to other countries worldwide.  The Chinese makers have slowly started catering to the domestic market too. The easy financing financing from the Chinese Chinese Government Government has helped helped many manufactur manufacturers ers to expand expand into the solar solar sup supply ply cha chain in becoming vertically integrated companies. Overproduction in China has brought down the prices of  solar cells worldwide.  The low prices of solar cells have made manufacturers in other parts of the world difficult to compete. Overall, the government in China has played a pivotal role in increasing the solar wafer and cell production capacity within China and lowering the prices. Market size - World solar cell production reached a consolidated figure of 9.34 GW in 2009, up from 6.85 GW a year earlier. China and Taiwanese production contin continued ued to build share and now account for 49% of global cell production. The Top 7 polysilicon manufacturers had 114,500 tonnes per annum of  capacity in 2009, up 92% on their 2008 level Supply Sup ply and demand - The suppl supply y and demand demand gap in this indu industry stry is expected expected to fluctua fluctuate. te. For instance, while there had been a significant supply-demand gap in some of the years prior to 2008, the excess of solar cell production over market demand caused weighted crystalline silicon module price average for 2009 to crash 38% over the prior year level Indian scenario - Fewer than a dozen companies in India manufacture crystalline PV cells. Prominent among these are (as of Mar 2010): Moser Baer, Tata BP Solar, XL Telecom, Solar Semiconductors, Surana Ventures, Indosolar, USL Photovoltaics, Websol Solar, and BHEL, Maharishi Solar Technology.  

 Thin-film Solar Cell Manufacturing: Manufacturing thin-film modules comprises depositing photovoltaic material on a substrate, structuring it into cells to form an electric circuit and wire and frame it depending on application.  The key suppliers for the thin-film industry are chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe CdTe,, GaAs etc. The supply chain is less constraine constrained d than that for polysili polysilicon con (used in crystalline solar) and therefore much more reliable. This industry experiences a diverse mix of bighitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. Companies with a long-term vision should start investing in this field.  Type  Typ e of entr entrepr epreneu eneurs rs / investors investors who can benefit benefit - Chemica Chemicall comp compani anies es that produce produce high high-pur -purity ity metals such as CdTe, GaAs are in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Glass manufacturers are also in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Equipment firms that have traditionally supplied printing machinery or manufacturing equipment to the semiconductor and display industry see the burgeoning burgeoning thin film industry as a potentially lucrative lucrative market, especially as their hardware can often be easily adapted to manufacture thin film cells and panels. At the same time, these equipment manufacture manufacturers rs are not finding it that easy to enter the TFPV space because module manufacturers are choosing to design and build proprietary equipment rather than buy it in.


Scale of investment - This industry experiences experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$11.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW. High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Opportunities exist for R&D and innovation in this exciting sector. Prominent segments where significant innovation possibilities exist are: efficiency, new thin film materials, design and process. Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - For development and small-scale production, there are few barriers, as companies like Aja International specialise in providing small-scale sputtering equipment. However, when scale becomes important, access to capital might become a barrier. Competition - This is a very dynamic segment with lots of startup companies, some venture-funded.  There are also a number of companies that also produce crystalline technologies. Those companies tend to be in the amorphous silicon thin-film segment. The organic photovoltaics segment is mostly covered by research institutes rather than private companies. Market size - The production volume has increased steadily as 165MW in 2007 and 357 MW in 2008.  The share of thin films is expected to increase significantly and expected to reach about 25% of total in 2013. (EPIA data). Supply and demand - The thin film solar cell production reached a consolidated figure of 1.68 GW in 2009 out of the total 3.58 GW capacity available, indicating that there is some amount of surplus capacity. However, the demand supply gap could look very different in future with enhanced offtake of  thin film world over. Indian scenario - There are only a few Indian companies such as Moser Baer and HHV Solar that make thin film solar cells. A few others such as Kirloskar are also exploring this field. Concentrating Solar PV: In concentrating PV (CPV), concentrators use optics to concentrate sunlight onto a small area of solar cells, thus allowing for a decrease in cell size. Because a CPV module needs less cell material than a traditionall PV module, it is cost effective to use higher quality cells to increase efficiency. However, the traditiona technology makes up a very small portion of the solar industry. CPV system manufacturers assemble the solar cells, concentrator unit and heat sink to form a module. Where applicable, companies will either integrate a tracking device or offer it as a separate product for free-standing free-standi ng module installations.  Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - CPV is currently quite R&D driven, with a number of innovations taking place in this area. The types of entrepreneurs who will find this domain suitable are tho those se wh who o ha have ve sci scien entif tific ic R&D back backgro groun unds ds and hav have e access access to funds funds for for signif significa icant nt R&D investments. Scale of investment - Medium-high, Medium-high, as significa significant nt research is involved and manufacturers of solar CPV systems will need scale for their products. High R&D or commodity manufacturing - High R&D. There is no dominant design as yet. And, it may never converge to just one, as different applications may dictate different concentration ratios. As of  now, there is a high degree of product differentiation. Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - Being R&D driven, entrepreneurs run the risk of their competitors coming up with a sup superio eriorr tech technolo nology gy that coul could d bec become ome the market market stan standar dard. d. The timeframes timeframes for the maturity for CPV technology is not clear, making it difficult for entrepreneurs to plan their projects accordingly. Competition - As a rather recent technology (being commercialized), there are new entrants, many of  whom are venturefunded. Some of the prominent ones are: Amonix (California), SolFocu (California), GreenVolts (San Francisco), Concentrix Solar (Germany) etc.


Market size - The CPV market is estimated to reach $266.0 million in 2014 from about $63.9 million in 2009 Indian Indi an scenario scenario - There There are only a few Ind Indian ian comp companie anies s like Square Enginee Engineerin ring g that produce produce concentrated solar PV systems concentrated Solar Module Production - Solar PV module manufacturing involves assembling the cells into a module to form an electric circuit. This is the last manufacturing step before it is distributed to wholesalers.  Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit benefi t - Cell manufacturers, who are keen on forward integra inte gration tion,, or thos those e maki making ng sola solarr prod product ucts s or providin providing g turnkey turnkey solu solution tions s for sola solarr powe powerr plan plants. ts. Companies which have expertise or interest in product assembly. Scale of investment - A module plant can be viable as small as 10 MW/year, with investment of about $0.1-0.2 million per MW. High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Commodity production. Bottlenecks/threats/bar Bottlenecks/ threats/barriers riers - Low barriers to entry. Capital requirements and energy requirements requirements for modules are much less than for the other processes. Competit Compe tition ion - Th There ere are a large large nu numbe mberr of panel panel man manuf ufact actur urers ers.. Many Many of the leadi leading ng module module manufact manu facturer urers s are also cell manufact manufacturer urers. s. Worldwid Worldwide, e, Q-Ce Q-Cells, lls, Sharp Sharp Solar Solar and Suntech Suntech Pow Power er Corporation are the top three solar module manufacturers. In India, there are about 35 PV module producers, produce rs, and this number is expected to increase significantly in the near future with the increase of  module off-take in India and worldwide. Market Mar ket size, size, su supp pply ly an and d deman demand d - Initia Initiall est estima imates tes su sugg ggest est tha thatt th the e world worldwid wide e ph photo otovol voltai taic c installations in 2010 were about 17.5 GW – this is an almost 140% growth over the installations that happened happene d in 2009, which was 7.2 GW. This pace of growth is expected to continue for the near future. In India, solar module production during 2009-10 was about 326 MWp and in 2010-11 it is estimated to be about 444 MWp. Currently, the existing capacities and supplies are in tune with the demand. With the Chinese companies going for large scale expansions of their module production capacities, there could be an oversupply in the market in the near future, though the demand-supply equation could become more balanced over the subsequent years. Indian scenario - There are about 35 companies in India that produce crystalline solar modules. Source : http://www.eai http://www.eai.in .in a white paper by eai called PV Savvy  

Other opportunities in solar energy in Tamilnadu are  

1 Solar powered desalination, plans, projects and opportunities http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nithya/blogs/1154  Tamilnadu has the third longest coastline in India at 900 km.  The opportunity is to build Solar desalination plants.   Tamilnad Tamilnadu u is power power starve starved d and it has plan plans s for this. Very soon, the coasta coastall belt is goin going g to be economic econ omically ally strong becaus because e of availabi availability lity of sola solarr energy energy derived derived good water and addi addition tional al power.Making potable water and selling them inland is a business opportunity coming out of solar energy, all along the coast. Cost of land all along the coast is likely to go up. Economy of the coastal villages will be bumped up. solar   Fishermen will be able to store their catch in nearby freezers. For more about the opportunites in solar desalination in tamilnadu click here

2. Floating solar plants. India has 30000 sq km of captured water bodies. If even 1 % of that area is utlised - it will equal 1500 large coal plants. Tata's have a tie up with an Australian company called Sunengy. There is a French company by name Solarsis synergy which is into having Floating solar plants. The technology is different.And there is another company called sgpsolar. It is based in California in usa. It is a good opportunity for Indian companies to look at this opportunity where Tata's have moved in fast. There are also some startups in this field and it may be worthwhile to start doing some research in this field in India itself. more athttp://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170 athttp://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170


3. A low cost solar energy solution for the th e indian industries Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes, the Market in India, the Business, the Opportunity, Cost Advantage of Solar Process Heat SHIP Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes The market for industri industrial al heat in boilers is estimated to be 26 billion dollars per annum in usa alone. Solar steam produced is estimate to costs $ 4.60 per MBTU compared to average cost of natural gas powered steam of about $ 6 to $ 10 per MBTU.   This This est estima imate te is as pe perr one the compa companie nies s in Solar Solar Heat Heat for Industr Industrial ial proce processe sses s (SH (SHIP) IP).. Indian Indian entrepreneurs should take up such projects that cut down co2 emission and is less expensive. There are several companies that are into SHIP in USA. One of the claims that their process is CO2 emission free. Obviously because they use solar energy. The company also claims a reduction in the cost by as much as 50 %.  Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes

4. Captive Captiv e power plan plants ts . Many factories, companies, office complexes, textile factories, cement factories, sugar mills and many other small and medium industries need back up power. What is being talked about as an opportunity opportunity is thi this s back back up pow power. er. Actual Actually ly alread already y man many y compa compani nies es in India India alr alread eady y have have ca capti ptive ve power power generat gen eration. ion. But ther there e a lot more num number ber of companie companies s in India which which can benefit benefit fro from m this captive captive powerr plan powe plantt from solar energy energy.. There There are some financi financial al bene benefits fits and also the benefits benefits of RECs otherwise known as Renewable Energy Certificates which are tradeable. There is good report on this at http://www.eai.in/ref/reports/captive_power.html Reading up the report report   will open up the opportunity for the above mentioned factories for their own back up power ie captive power. Those who are marketing minded and those who are solar energy consultants or renewable energy consultants, this is a very good business opportunity in India.

5. Education and training MNRE there is going to be a need for 100,000 trained professionals in the next 8 years. I think expects that is athat gross underestimate.

This opportunity is not just for individuals who want to learn and get jobs. Or learn and start a business or set up a training center as a businessman. OR u can even set up an online course for the whole world. The limitations are your imagination. I foresee many training centers both for unskilled and for postgraduation education courses happening soon. The course contents given in the sample solar edu duc ction centers, wil illl be In Ind dia ian nise sed d by the shrewe wed d In Ind dian businessmen. Some of them may go for tie up with universities abroad. For example they may have a tie up with a US university in Pune or a tie up with an European university in Jalgaon. http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1284

6. Solar inverters: In a Global Clean Technology Conference on February 23-24 in New York, with more than 100  public and private companies and 700 attendees, including strategic and financial investors, highlevel policymakers and industry thought-leaders in attendance the following question was asked as a part of a Survey. Question: Within solar, which sectors of the supply chain are the most attractive investment themes? (Please rank with #1 being the strongest): Inverters 1 Cells/Modules 2 Projects/Installation 3


Polysilicon 4 Manufacturing Equipment 5 Wafers 6 The results of the survey are given in green color. Inverters!! That is why I am calling it a great solar business in the Indian market too. 700/800 of the world’s leading practioners have identified Inverters as the most attractive investment theme. Solar inverters in India, manufacturer manufacturers, s, cost and business opportunities

7. Micro grid :  The electrical needs of rural households are relatively small (0.5-2.5 kWhr per day) and a micro-grid system of 20-35 kW would suffice a small village. This may not be a 100 % solar solution.

Will research and write more about this opportunity soon.

8.Solar Irrigation Pumps :  This is a big opportunity area. Already being catered to in many villages.Coming soon.

9. Solar thermal  India on an average has 300 clear days of sun and the radiation in most parts is 4.5 to 6 kWh/m2/day, kWh/m2/day, which is pretty high. Solar thermal projects projects concentrate concentrate sunlight on a fixed point and uses a medium to move the stored heat energy to a place where it can be converted into electricity by superheatin superheating g water into steam and using the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity—ultimately the same process that natural gas and coal-fired power plants use to generate electricity. Solar dryers can be used in agriculture. At present the waste is just exposed to the sun and dried. Solar water heating. It is being made mandatory in many states to heat water for bathing purposes with solar water heater in all new buildings. Solar thermal can be used for cooking, community cooking in hotels, villages, schools in villages, etc Several industries that need low to medium heat can use solar thermal technology to reduce air pollution and carbon foot print. Can someother reader in our club create a page for solar thermal energy in india, laws statewise, uses, companies doing it, states that can benefit from solar water heater and other solar thermal usage, market estimates, opportunities for the business minded, etc  Thanks in advance 10. : Coming soon 11. Distribution Maintenanceofofsolar Solarproducts power generation plants and solar farms: Stay tuned for more. 12. Opportunities in Solar cities: There are going to be about 60 solar cities coming up in India. What business opportunity exists in these solar city concept of mnre is a question in the young minds of  indians. Will try and answer them in the coming weeks. Stay tuned. Overall, my intention is that many Indians are bent on contributing to the society by getting into renewable energy business in india. The question in their minds is How can i get into solar business. or what business in solar in india. or what business can I do in solar energy in india. etc., Besides suggesting business opportunities in solar energy in India for large and medium companies, I thought it will be useful for small and individual players, if I can explain as to how they can get into solar business in India.

 Tamilnadu solar policy. The new one is expected from the new governmnet anytime soon.

Solar Power Projects in Tamilnadu FIRST SOLAR FARM in Sivaganga


Link : http://www.ciionline.org/PublicationDetail.aspx? enc=TuEVQVjoNjbHAk9ChlxdJHc7owgk49H04z7KwehYnQvx1P7WYgI77cg60+/SP+4oagS2 acY73f21L+ixGpr04FkdeFUqWy9rlYr5QCtmFdr27Oy7IDKfE1V6D70GPzeRg64m4zg9A9PJ DNxyYDl1VQ== Category :  : Others Others   Place : N/A  N/A

Wed June 15 2011 01:44:55 PM by Nithya by Nithya  solar road map of tamilnadu | solar policy of tn | tamilnadu  solar power projects of tamilnadu 

Comments - 25

Shankar wrote: Shankar wrote: Tue March 29 2011 12:54:33 PM Thanks Nithya !http://www.eai.in/club/users/shankar/blogs/803 !http://www.eai.in/club/users/shankar/blogs/803  

Samyesudass wrote: Thu April 07 2011 12:09:37 PM Thanks Nithya for providing clear status about TN thoughts..Hope definitely solar energy is the life of nextgen..

Shankar wrote: Shankar wrote: Mon April 18 2011 04:00:43 AM RPP Infra is entering into the solar field.They have already acquired acqu ired lands for a 5 MW  plant in TN.They are currently looking for JV partners for the http://www.rppipl.com/   same.http://www.rppipl.com/ same.

Shankar wrote: Shankar wrote: Mon April 18 2011 09:20:41 PM http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/cities/chennai/solar-bank-ammapettai-keepscustomers-happy-827 First of its kind green solar iniative in a bank near Erode. First bank in India to go fully green with solar energy.All the computers, scanners, fans and LED lights at the Pallavan Grama Bank use power from the eight solar panels fixed on the terrace. The one-month-old bank has already become popular among the Erode customers as it serves them without any ‘power-breaks’.


Rahul wrote: Fri April 22 2011 06:07:10 PM

Business opportunities in solar energy http://www.eai.in/club/users/Romila/blogs/1118 Renewable energy certificates http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nithya/blogs/1154

Solar desalination

http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170 Floating solar plants

Aathmika wrote: Mon April 25 2011 10:34:03 AM Evac Ev acua uate ted d tube tube co coll llec ecto tor ba base sed dNadu sola solar r MNRE wate waterr he heat atin ing g syst system emss - Li List st of El Elig igib ible le manufacturers/suppliers inr Tamil by


M/s K.S. Industries, Solsen Solar Equipments(p) ltd.

Aathmika wrote: Sat May 07 2011 04:18:00 AM

Solar inverter : A business opportunity in India : Enecsys Being one of the first companies to market with micro inverters, Enecsys believes its technology carries several competitive advantages including a life-span that matches that of the photovoltaic (PV) module and the ability to increase energy yield between five and 20 per cent. Enecsys components components are manufact manufactured ured in the Far East and it has aTaiwanese operation operation as a result of its growth plan. Solar inverters are used to convert DC power from the PV cells into AC power for the electricity grid. Conventional devices use 'string' inverters to support a large number of  panels, but are generall generally y less efficient and their malfunction can effect the whole panel, unlike micro inverters which support one or two modules. Micro Inverters can, however, be harder to maintain, which is why Enecsys has, for what it claims is the first time, eliminated components that limit inverter life.  The company will continue to work on re-engineering the inverters to drive the cost down further and will use the Series B money to hire staff that can do that.  The Enecsys IP is based on patented technology developed at the University of  Cambridge. The company has previously raised £8.5m, but has no plans for any more according to CEO, Henrik Raunkjaer.  This last round was led by Climate Change Capital Private Equity who invested £11m and claims it is the largest fundraising round closed this year by any European cleantech company.

The opportunity is to opt for a: Getting a manufacturing and marketing license from them b. Just become a marketing agent for India / Asia c. Invest in them so that they can start catering to the Indian markets too d. Start R & D activities to develop superior products. WWW.enecsys.com


Aathmika wrote: Sun May 15 2011 07:16:18 PM TamilNadu is now all set to lead India in Solar Solar power generation. With the new G Gov., ov., we can see TN solar policy and TN solar roadmap coming out pretty early. More than making the policy or the road map, there is going to be a lot of action. I can clearly see many Barren lands are identified and allocated for solar baesed power  generation. At present the Gov buys power at Rs 10/ kwh during summer. The Gov may even offer  land free for large Solar Solar power generation based projects, be it CSP CSP or CPV. There can  be other good incentives for solar power generation projects in TN. The Gov will promote solar pv projects which can generate power and feed the micro grids. These projects in tamilnadu in the rural and village areas can be solar cum biomass based hybrid projects that feed the micro grid and generate employment in the villages. Offgrid solar projects and offgrid solar products will also be pormoted by the tamilnadu government. Solar pv in tamilnadu, Solar csp in tn and solar cpv in tamilnadu all will have good scope in the near future. The Government may reach out to companies in India and abroad to set up shop immediately. desalination too will have very good scope. You can soon expect tamilnadu solar  Solar desalination   policy and tamilnadu solar roadmap very very soon.

Shankar wrote: Shankar wrote: Sun May 15 2011 08:57:40 PM Solar energy in TN will be the top priority of the TN gov. No doub doubt. t. Solar desalination in tn will also be among the top priority ideas like off grid solar in tn, grid connected solar energy in tn, microgrid connected hybrid ie solar cum diesel or solar  com biomass etc.,

Shankar wrote: wrote: Shankar 


Mon May 16 2011 12:53:47 PM It is interesting to know that TN solar energy is going to compete with Gujarat.Gujarat already claims to be the Germany of solar energy in India. Am eager to see the tamilnadu solar roadmap or the tn solar policy and am keen to hear about land allocation for solar  energy and about the capital incentives the tn gov is going to give for solar projects and incentives or subsidiaries for off grid projects and hybrid projects. I will be watching this space and I hope Aathmika, Nithya and or Krupali will fill in as and when news happens. If TN gives a healthy competition to Gujarat then India will begin to lead the world in solar as KPMG has alraedy predicted that India will do 67 GW by 2022.

Krupali wrote: Mon May 23 2011 03:46:01 PM Why is there power shortage in Tamil Nadu? Poor long distance vision by officers in the power sector? Spurt in demand for power  from domestic sector? Unplanned growth? On one handIndustrial Tamilnadu is in the forefront of renewable energy on the other it is suffering from power shortage. The lop sided Renewable Energy Purchase obligation is partly to  blame.As per the Renewable Energy Purchase obligation a certain minimum percentage for purchase of renewable energy by the state is fixed.;for Tamilnadu it is 11%.

But the state has an installed wind energy capacity of 35 per cent and production capacity of 12-13 per cent, way beyond the obligatory mark, apart from an impressive biomass potential that is being exploited in a phased manner. The introduction of a renewable energy certification, a mechanism that allows producers to sell green energy to states deficit on this front, has resulted in many private players opting for it, say experts.The REC is expected to stimulate competition and create a market for power across states. The producers of  renewable Tamilstates Nadu,which by and large private players, find it energy more lucrative to energy sell it toinother have to meet their renewable purchase obligations. As they are private bodies identity of the end purchasers is unknown. Meanwhile, the per capita power consumption in Tamil Nadu, which was 760 units in 2005-06, increased to 1,080 units in 2009-’10, a steep jump of  33 per cent, according to TNEDA statistics.But the generation capacity has remained around 10,000 MW and the renewable sector is no different

Free distribution of electronic gadgets has partly created this in increase crease in demand. Tamilnadu has been in the forefront of wind energy but as for solar TN has much to catch up.


 Nitin wrote: Mon May 23 2011 08:13:26 PM Wait for Amma to act on Solar power. She will make it the Germany in India as far as solar goes. You can surely expect Tamilnadu solar policy soon and it will have the vision that no other state has . I need more information information on the purchase obligation of the Governments and uti utilitites litites regarding RECs ie renewable energy certificates.

 Nitin wrote: Wed May 25 2011 06:46:24 PM   Jay Jaya a hint hints s at a sola solarr su surp rpri rise se to solv solve e th the e po powe werr cr cris isis is Chen Chenna nai: i: Th The e ne newl wly y formed forme d AIA AIADMK DMK government government is plan planning ning to go green' green' to provide provide abundant abundant power to the state. At a meeting held at the secretariat on Tuesday, Chief Minister Jayalalitha hinted at measures to augment power resources and reduce the inconvenience caused by load shedding. Sources said that her government, in a bid to tap readily available power resources, is proposing to promote solar power. Inspired by the Karnataka government's passion for solar power projects, the AIADMK government plans to create 10 solar energy parks in the state of 300 MW capacities each. The cost of setting up a 1 MW facility is Rs 10 crores, hence it would cost at least Rs 30,000 crore for the entire project.  The government is planning to get financial assistance from central government and internatio inter national nal funding funding agencies," agencies," said a source. source. Jayalalith Jayalalithaa aa has also reportedly reportedly told government offices in the state to figure out ways of installing rooftop solar plants so they can be off the grid in six months. "Every building will generate 200 kV to 300 kV, which can meet their needs," said the source.   The The projec projectt could could get a 30% subsid subsidy y fro from m the Jawaharl Jawaharlal al Nehru Nehru Nation National al Solar Solar Mission, sources said. The rest of the expenses can be managed using the budget allocated to each government office and funding by the state government. "Billions of  units of Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) power can be saved if all the offices go solar," said a senior government official.

Aathmika wrote: Thu May 26 2011 05:18:47 PM

Marketing opportunity !

You can market Silicon ink from Innovalight to solar cell manufactures in India.


Contact innovalight.com

[email protected]

Dass wrote: Fri May 27 2011 03:01:17 PM Hi   Nithya, Thanks for the detailed report. But please do analysis on power distribution network too in TN as without which we can not put our generated power to Grid. Hope soon I see some light on this subject.  Nannri, Dass

Romila wrote: Mon May 30 2011 08:34:52 AM The Central Government has come out with a renewable energy scheme that provides urban local bodies with the capacity to address the power shortage in their areas. The entire cost of implementing this project, called ‘Solar City,' would be borne by the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). The scheme is being implemented in the State through Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA), S.E.S. Syed Ahamed, Deputy General Manager, TEDA Madurai Region. The Centre hoped to achieve the target by providing providing support for Master Plan for the Solar City. While the total financial commitment commitm ent for this scheme was Rs.98.50 crore, the Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for Master plan per city was Rs.50 lakh and total financial assistance would be Rs.2.50 crore per city.

Joydeep wrote: Wed June 01 2011 04:47:41 AM State --- Renewable energy production (approx) Tamil Nadu --- 4,900 Maharashtra --- 2,500 Gujarat --- 1,800  Andhra Pradesh --- 800 Orissa --- 300 (* Figure in MW)


 Nithya wrote: Wed June 01 2011 06:35:39 PM As part of its effor efforts ts to promote promote solar energy, energy, the Tamil Nadu Electricity Electricity Regulatory Regulatory Commission (TNERC) has proposed a minimum quantum of solar renewable purchase obligation (RPO) in the overall renewable purchase obligation of the State. According to the draft notification published on the Commission's website, the share of solar energy has been mentioned as 0.15 per cent of the total RPO in terms of  energy in kilowatt per hour (KWH) for the year 2011-2012. For the next two years, it will be 0.25 per cent.  The norm, when approved by the Commission, will essentially be applicable to the  Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation (TANGEDCO) even though it will cover users owning captive generating plants and open access consumers in the State. The Commission has sought comments from stakeholders on or before June 20. As far as the overall RPO is concerned, the State has already fulfilled the national norm of 10 per cent, in view of a large number of windmills. The total RPO is 14 per cent but the share of solar energy in the total RPO is negligible. So far, only the private sector has evinced interest in putting up solar energy plants. Now, one five-megawatt (MW) plant is functioning in the Sivaganga District. This is a grid-connected plant, which is a solar photovoltaic (SPV) unit. Besides, under the  Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, seven plants of one MW each have been approv app roved. ed. Offici Officials als say two plants plants,, one each each in Sivaga Sivaganga nga and Nagapa Nagapatti ttinam nam Districts, are expected to be commissioned in a few months. Other districts include  Tuticorin and Virudhu Nagar. In addition, under the ‘bundling scheme' of the mission, one plant of 5 MW has been sanctioned and this will also come up in Tuticorin district. The ‘bundling scheme' envisages the nodal agency, NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam, to bundle solar power from the identified project promoters with power from the cheaper unallocated quota of  the Union Power Ministry and sell it to distribution utilities. According to the TNERC's order in May 2010, the capital cost has been put at about Rs.17.16 crore per MW for a sola solarr PV pr proj ojec ect. t. Th The e so sola larr powe powerr ta tari riff ff fo forr 25 year years s ha has s be been en work worked ed ou outt at Rs.18.45 per KWH. http://www.hindu.com/2011/05/29/stories/2011052953230400.htm

Romila wrote: Thu June 02 2011 04:57:15 PM The government is likely to come out ou t with a solar power policy aimed at generating about 1,000 MW power by encouraging city residents across the state install solar panels atop their houses, especially multi-storeyed buildings. However, it is not likely to be made compulsory. The government is also working on a policy to encourage all dairy farms and poultry farms in the state generate biogas.


The state cabinet, which met on o n Monday, discussed the issue and the nitty-gritty is being worked out. Since installation of solar panels is an expensive proposition, the government is chalking out a comprehensive package, officials said. The central government is already providing 30% subsidy for solar plants. The state government is planning to subsidise it further to make it attractive for consumers.

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-06-01/chennai/29607867_1_solar panels-solar-plants-solar-power 

Tintin wrote:

Fri June 03 2011 03:28:58 PM   Kalaignar Housing Scheme, envisaging free concrete-roof houses to replace three lakh huts,

It would be replaced with 'Solar Powered Green House Scheme' for rural poor. The Governor also announced implementation of a scheme to provide free fans, f ans, mixers and grinders from 15 September next, the birth anniversary of late chief 

 was also being done away with due to 'shortcomings'.

minister CN Annadurai, fulfilling another poll promise of AIADMK . http://www.thestatesman.net/index.php? option=com_content&view=article&id=371800:tn-govt-to-nationalise-cable-tvoperations&catid=35:page-one&from_page=search   operations&catid=35:page-one&from_page=search

Jayanthan wrote:

Sun June 05 2011 03:59:58 AM Hi All, Thanks for the info, can some body explain me, To whom i should contact for getting connection for roof top solar system? What is the formality?

Shweta wrote: Thu June 09 2011 04:59:58 AM The Central government has come out with a renewable energy scheme that provides urban local bodies with the capacity to address power shortage in their areas. The entire cost of implementing this project, ‘Solar City,' would be borne by the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). The scheme is being implemented in the State through Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA), S.E.S. Syed Ahamed, Deputy General Manager, TEDA Madurai Region, told The Hindu here on Sunday. The TEDA Madurai Region comprises 11 southern and central districts. “The Central government has been motivating not only people but also State governments to aim in reduction in use u se of conventional energy sources thereby


compensating with renewable energy. The ministry aims to set up a maximum of 60 such Solar Cities, at least one in each State,” he said. The Centre hoped to achieve the target by providing support for Master Plan for the Solar  City and organising programmes on renewable energy. While the total financial commitment for this scheme was Rs. 98.50 crore, the Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for Master plan per city was Rs. 50 lakh, and an d the total financial assistance would be Rs. 2.50 crore per city. As pilot projects, 10 cities would be covered co vered in the 11th Five Year Plan on a ‘first-come first-served' basis. In Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore had been chosen. Urban local bodies with a population of 50,000 to 50 lakh could apply for this project through TEDA. The project would require details such as total number of streetlights and other areas of energy consumption in the target area. The Solar City project would focus on devices dev ices such as solar systems like building integrated photovoltaic systems, kitchen waste-based plants, solar water heating systems, solar cooking systems, solar steam generating/drying/air heating systems, solar  concentrators for process heat applications, solar air-conditioning, power projects on methane recovery from Standard, Temperature and Pressure (STPs) condition, bio-mass gasification based-systems and biogas, besides wind. Mr. Syed said that efforts to bring in more cities under this scheme as a way to tackle the TEDA power was crisismaking in the State. Kanyakumari Speaking about the development of solar energy in southern districts of Tamil Nadu, he said that TEDA had identified around 200 beneficiaries in Kanyakumari district to  provide solar home lighting system free of cost under ‘Part II' scheme at a cost of Rs. 45 lakh. The entire project was being borne equally by the State and Central governments. This  project would be undertaken shortly so as to electrify villages that have not had electricity for over 50 years in the forest areas of the district, he said.

Anna wrote: Tue June 14 2011 03:43:37 AM Moser Baer Solar Ltd (MBSL) has said that its solar modules are now certified by TÜV InterCert for being corrosion resistant. "This certifies not only enhanced overall reliability of MBSL's PV modules but also their suitability for a 25 year deployment in the coastal regions like Gujarat or Tamil Nadu and in areas like Kutch with a high level of salt content in air, rain or soil for the most part of the year," the company said in a statement. According to various reports, Gujarat itself is looking at commissioning more than capacity 500 5 00 MW of solar installations this year and thereby creating a demand for PV modules that are resistant to corrosion when exposed to salt content in the air , it said.


"This certification significantly addresses the needs of solar developers in India and will improve the confidence of investors in the solar so lar PV projects," the company said. It said that the "salt mist" corrosion resistant certification complements company's 25 years' warranty on its PV modules are already bankable with more than 20 banks in Europe.

Globally, banks and financial institutions prefer PV projects that use highly reliable PV modules and since the 'salt mist' corrosion resistant improve of solarofprojects even in demanding climatic conditions, it will have apanels positive impactthe on viability the bankability solar projects commissioned using the same, the statement said.


Romila wrote: Wed June 15 2011 10:03:22 AM The State Government also sought Rs 45,000 crore from the Centre for solar power  generation projects. Ms Jayalalithaa said Tamil Nadu plans to set up 10 solar energy  parks of 300 MW each to strengthen power generation. It also hopes to provide solar   powered street lights in villages under the Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission and supply solar power to households below the poverty line. Funds could be provided under the  National Clean Energy Fund, she said in the representation. The JNNSM seeks to set up 1,000 MW of solar power through the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in the first  phase. In Tamil Nadu seven developers have been given permission to set up 1 MW each. The Chief Minister urged the Central Government to expedite the Central power  generation projects now under implementation in the State.


Shweta wrote: Sat June 18 2011 11:12:22 AM Jayalalithaa has asked the Prime Minister to provide funds for the utility-scale plants as well as the streetlights under Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission. She has requested support under national clean energy funds for the path breaking initiatives undertaken b by y the Tamil Nadu government. However power managers state that getting such a huge amount may not be possible as solar power promotion is spread across the country. "The centre will have to answer in the parliament on how it gave such a huge amount to one state. Besides, she has asked for  another Rs 40,000 crore to bail out TNEB from losses," said a source. Experts say that possible to implement the model. project"In successfully if the government goesitinmay for be a public-private a public-private partnership partnership  this case, the state


government need not worry much. It can get subsidy from the central government. Private companies will come up with the funds," he said. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Public-private-partnership-key-tosuccess-of-solar-projects/articleshow/8894340.cms Comment   Login to Post a Comment  Talk to the experts

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About - "Hi, I'm currently doing my research work at MKU in solar energy and now I'm interested in setting up my own industry in madurai. If any of you are setting up any business in solar energy, pl let me know [email protected] or you can post in the club. I read all the news in the club. I wish there were more  posts in the club for fresh entrepreneurs. May be a Q & A section. I hope this club would help me meet other 

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